There are many different types of supplies and equipment that you need to install an electric fence that is safe and functional. Each piece must work with the others to ensure the safety and security of the animals behind it and the people who must pass through it. Learn more below about the specific supplies and hardware you need to use to build an electric fence.
Tools to Build Your Electric Fence (5)
Before you begin to install your fence, ensure you have taken precise measurements, so you can purchase all the supplies you need. Start with a 100-yard, heavy-duty aluminum tape measure, and plumb line. You will also need a post hole digger, movable cement mixer, and sledgehammer to set the support posts in firmly and permanently. Work with several assistants so the posts can be aligned along your property line, as well as being perpendicular.
Tools to Attach Your Electric Fence to the Posts (2)
You will also use electrical pliers and wire tighteners to string the wire correctly for smooth electrical transmission. Always wear insulated gloves, eye protection and certified safety footwear when installing any components of an electric fence.
Fence Supports (2)
You will need 2 types of fence supports: those that hold up the main fence enclosure material, and step-in-posts to support the electrified wires. The main fence posts, which should be placed at 50-yard intervals, can be made of wood, or zinc-coated galvanized steel. Step-in posts hold the electric wires in parallel lines, well above the fence enclosure material.
Fence Electrified Components (4)
The electrified components of your electric fence include controllers to supply electricity, electric wire and tapes. Choose from solar-powered controllers, AC controllers, and DC battery-powered controllers. The electrical strength of each is measured by the length of fence it needs to electrify, hence you can purchase controllers rated from 5 to 100 miles. Install the controller near the main gate you use to enter and leave the fenced area. You will also need electric fence wire, connectors and poly tapes to secure the spliced ends and protect them from water.
Fence Enclosure Material (1)
Choose barbed wire, steel chain link, or welded wire fencing as your enclosure material. For small installations of 100 yards or less per side, use vinyl-coated fencing for durability and beauty around a vegetable garden or wooded area.
Insulated Components (4)
You will need to insulate nearly every part of the electric fence, with a wide range of components. These include insulators for each type of post, and insulated screws to fasten everything together. If you have large livestock such as horses, you will want to add insulated outrigger loops that prevent their accidental contact with the electrified wires. On the gates to your electrified fence, don't forget to add a well-insulated gate handle.
When installing your electric fence, take time to ensure every part of the operation is done correctly. Ensure support posts are plumb. Attach wires at the correct tension, and install all the insulated components required. In this way, you will prevent accidental shock and injury to your livestock, staff and visitors. Even a mild electrical shock can cause death in people with a history of heart ailments.