5 Different Types of Electric Fence Wire Explained

electric fence on grassy background

Whether you need to enclose animals on a farm or want to protect a property from intruders, it will help to understand the different types of electric fence wire available. Being aware of the specifications can help you to decide which is the best type for your own personal needs.

1. Rope

Conducting electricity through a rope made from tightly woven fibers is a good option if you require a strong electric fence wire. The rope comprises a filament that is woven through it, which is how the electrical current travels along. The manner in which the rope is constructed and the materials that it is made from make it hard-wearing and long-lasting enough to often be given a warranty by the manufacturer. Rope used for electric wire is less likely to be affected by inclement weather and will remain steady in high winds.

2. Twine

If you are looking for an electric fence wire that is light and easy to set up then twine would be an ideal option. Though it is not as strong as rope or solid wire, it is equally as effective due to the high conductivity of the copper filament that twine comprises. It is ideal when you require a less conspicuous wire and it is also resistant to the sun’s harmful ultra-violet rays.

3. Tape

Stainless steel conductors can be woven into plastic filaments to create a tape which can be used as part of electric fencing. Though this option is a good one if a high visibility fence is necessary, it can also suffer damage as it is prone to being affected by high winds.

4. Wire

A solid electric fence wire is often the most popular type used when constructing an electric fence. Rather than having a conducting filament woven into it, a solid wire is itself the filament which will make it a very effective option for a fence as the ability for the electrical current will be second to none.

The strength of the wire makes it the best option where you're erecting very long fences and ensures it's durable. Using a variety of wire that has been galvanized by aluminum or zinc will allow it to accept a normal charge which will ensure that it is effective enough for large livestock.

5. Power

In addition, there are also several methods that can be used to power the fence. An energizer will be required to transfer the current from the power supply to the wire so that the electrical pulse can travel along the length if the fence.

These energizers can be powered by mains, battery or a solar powered panel, with the former option often being available with a backup battery. The type of energizer used will depend on the situation it is being used for, however, a high powered energizer is the most versatile option as it will remain a benefit if changes to the fence needs to be made.