Hanging drywall does not require much skill, but it does take some measure of physical strength. Regardless of whether you are doing all the work yourself or have a helper by your side, you should be familiar with the basic principles of drywall installation. Read on for some tips that can be particularly useful to you in this project.
All you will need to cut drywall is a utility knife and a T-square. Mark the place where you will cut, place the T-square and cut along with the utility knife. Make sure you cut at the side that will be facing the room to ensure that you have clean lines over the paper that will hold paint or plaster.
You don’t need to cut through the entire thickness of the drywall. Once you have cut halfway through the gypsum, you may bend the drywall sheet cracking it open. Finish the procedure by running the knife through the paper backing at the other end of the sheet.
Cutting Drywall Holes
If you want to cut a hole in the middle of a drywall sheet, e.g. for a water pipe, you will first have to measure the whereabouts of the pipe and transfer these measurements onto the drywall. Then take a drill with a wide bit and bore through at each hole corner. Finally, cut along the outline with a keyhole saw or saber saw.
Hanging Drywall on the Ceiling
You may rent a drywall life to hold the sheet while you fix it. Most people prefer to attach drywall with nails; however, screws not likely to come out at a later time. Check if the local building legislation does not mandate what fasteners to use.
Using the drywall lift, place the first sheet, making sure its edge lies at the center of the joist. If the sheet covers the entire width of the joist, you will have to nail an additional piece of 2x4-inch board along the joist side so that you have a foundation on which to fix the next sheet.
Fastening Drywall to the Ceiling
When fastening drywall, set the screws or nails at a distance of about seven inches and stagger them along the seam. Avoid positioning four corners together, but rather offset them so that you do not have a seam that is running along the whole length of the ceiling. Such a seam is more likely to crack in the future.
Install corner beads at the outside corners of the room. Cut them to size and drive nails every nine inches through the bead holes.
Floating and Taping the Drywall
To attain a smooth ceiling surface, you will have to cover all screws or nails and the seams between the drywall sheets with some joint compound (or mud, as it was called in the past). For the seams, you will also have to use joint tape. Let this dry for 24 hours, and apply a second coat, smoothing over if necessary.
Cover the screw heads and corner beads with compound, too. After the compound dries, smooth any rough edges with fine-grit sandpaper.
Make sure that you wear protective equipment all the time.