A ductless heat pump is an efficient cooling and heating system that has the advantage of being safer and quieter than many alternatives. A conventional ducted system is a single unit that distributes heat around the house via a system of ductwork. In a ductless system, there is usually one outdoor unit (the compressor) that serves more than one indoor unit. The outdoor and indoor units are connected with thin copper tubing.
Ductless heat pumps heat homes at a fraction of the cost of baseboard heaters, and have the added advantage of not needing invasive and expensive ductwork. Losses of through distribution are about 5 percent where conventional systems often have a distribution loss as high as 30 percent through the ducts, especially if they are run through unconditioned space, like an attic. Winter heating bills can be cut by 25 to 50 percent by using a ductless heat pump. Since they have no ductwork, they don't have the energy losses through the ductwork, unlike central forced air systems. One indoor unit will heat an area 1,000 square feet or smaller. You will need multiple indoor units for larger homes.
The pipes between the indoor and outdoor units contain environmentally friendly refrigerant that is distributed through the house. They don't burn fuel which lessens emissions and protects against the potential safety problems associated with gas furnaces.
These ductless systems are easy to install, needing only a 3-inch opening in a wall or ceiling. The instillation is as easy as mounting the units and making a few connections. Taking only a day for two installers to install a system with three zones, these ductless systems save money on instillation costs as well as time and effort. Wiring can run along the refrigerant lines which makes the wiring easier and quicker. A quicker instillation means less disruption to normal household running.
Good for Older Homes and Retrofits
Ductless systems are perfect for installing in old building with thick walls that were not designed for ducts, or any other situation where installing ducts is not feasible. You can even locate the outside unit up to 50 feet from the indoor unit which means that you can situate either unit where it is most convenient. This allows you to hide the outdoor unit at the back of the home where it will be inconspicuous.
Flexible Mounting Options
With their slim lines they can be mounted on a wall or ceiling without taking up space. The flexibility allows for more design options for your indoor décor. The outdoor unit is typically around the size of a suitcase, and the indoor unit is only 6 to 8 inches deep. The thin lines allow the indoor unit to be mounted on the wall, suspended from the ceiling, or even mounted flush into a drop ceiling. Floor standing models are available.
Ease of Use
Most units can be controlled by wireless remote control. This makes controlling the unit easy if it is installed on the ceiling or high on a wall.