It can take many years to perfect the skills needed to properly use fly fishing flies. Fly fishing anglers rely on lures that imitate many of the foods that are eaten by different types of fish. The lures imitate both the appearance and the movement of the prey of the fish. Fly fishing anglers need to know all about the different types of flies and where and when they are most successful for catching fish. Patterns is another term for the types of flies in fly fishing The pattern used will depend on the weather conditions, the water conditions and the type of fish of the angler hopes to catch. There are different flys for freshwater and saltwater fishing. The five main fly categories: the wet fly, the dry fly, the streamer fly, the nymph and the terrestrial.
1 - Wet Fly
Wet flies can look much like dry flies. They are legs are soft and their wings are slanted toward the back of the fly. They are meant to imitate the movement of insects under the water, including both insects that are dead and insects that are coming out of the water. These flys can also be made to imitate the movement of water creatures like crawfish and leeches. When using a wet fly, technique perfection is not a necessity.
2 - Dry Fly
This is the most commonly known type of fly for fly fishing. Any fly that floats on the water can be called a dry fly. Dry flies are meant to imitate insects that remain on top of the water. Due to the wet conditions of fishing, it is usually necessary to dry out the fly a few times during the fishing trip. Sometimes it is necessary to oil the fly in order for it to stay on top of the water. The water surface tension can also help in keeping the fly afloat.
3 - Streamer
A streamer is a large wet fly that is meant to imitate an injured fish. They are generally used to catch large predatory fish.
4 - Nymph
A nymph fly is also a wet fly. It imitates insects living under the water that are leaving their cocoons. Many fish like to eat insects in this larva state. Some anglers may add weight to the nymph to keep it underwater.
5 - Terrestrial
Terrestrial flies can be both wet or dry flies. They imitate large insects that accidentally drown after falling in the water. They are either made imitate and insect trying to get free or an insect that has died and is not moving.
6 - Saltwater Baitfish Fly
This type of fly mimics a fish rather than an insect. Minnows are the favored food of many saltwater fish. The baitfish fly imitates the color of the minnows, especially when the sun is reflecting on their scales. It also mimics the movement of the minnow. These flys are used for fishing bluefish, stripers and redfish.