Unless you're a mechanic or a serious DIY enthusiast, odds are good that you've never heard of a clutch master cylinder. But if your vehicle has a manual transmission, then your vehicle has one. Until this thing starts to wear down and stop working at full functionality, you probably won't pay a bit of attention to it. As soon as you start having problems with your gears shifting, look for the seven signs that you have a bad clutch master cylinder.
What Does a Clutch Master Cylinder Do?
The clutch master cylinder is a chamber that pushes clutch fluid, which disengages the clutch. The clutch disengages so that gears may shift. A rod at one end of the master cylinder is pushed against the fluid, which moves the fluid into another cylinder.
The clutch master cylinder is close to the brake master cylinder. It may sound a little complicated but it's actually a pretty simple mechanism. But when it stops working perfectly, your gears aren't going to shift perfectly...or maybe even at all.
If your gears stop shifting as smoothly as they should, look for the signs that your master cylinder may have a problem that needs to be fixed. Listen, feel and visually inspect the engine, the clutch, and the master cylinder and you will begin to diagnose the problem, which means you're already on your way to fixing it.
What Are the Symptoms of a Bad Clutch Master Cylinder?
It can be aggravating and a little frightening when your gears don't shift smoothly. You don't want them to lock up and put you in danger and you definitely don't need the hassle and expense of getting a brand new transmission. But maybe the problem is the master cylinder, which isn't a big deal to fix if you want to DIY the task.
Look for the symptoms of a bad clutch master cylinder and start diagnosing your transmission problem. Once you know how to diagnose clutch master cylinder problems, you can potentially save yourself lots of money when it comes to transmission repair.
1. Problems Shifting Gears
What you'll probably notice first is that your vehicle isn't shifting gears as smoothly as it should. It might feel jerky or sluggish or hesitate to shift gears. As soon as you notice a problem, you should find the time to look for the other symptoms that indicate a problem with the clutch master cylinder.
2. Low Transmission Fluid
If you have a transmission problem when gears not shifting well, you should definitely check the transmission fluid. Check the fluid to see if it is low. If it is, top it off. Drive around a bit to see how the shifting on the car feels. Check the transmission fluid again and see if the level has lowered at all. The fluid should not go down. If it has, this is an indication that you have a leak.
3. Clutch Fluid Leak
You could have a clutch fluid leak. To find out, simply check the clutch fluid reservoir. You should be able to see some fluid in the reservoir and every time you look at it, you should always be able to see the same amount of fluid.
If you don't see fluid or the fluid is getting lower, it's likely that you have a leak in the clutch master cylinder. Don't have a reservoir for clutch fluid? The master cylinder may use brake fluid for lubrication rather than dedicated clutch fluid. Check the brake fluid reservoir and check the level there to determine whether or not you have a leak.
4. Spongy Clutch
Does the clutch feel weird when you press it, almost spongy? If you notice a difference in the way the pedal feels when you press it, don't take this lightly. You could have water or air along the transmission system somewhere. Moisture should not be in this part of the system, so this spongy feel is an indication of a leak.
5. Bad Clutch Timing
Is your clutch engaging and disengaging randomly, at different points when you push the pedal? A clutch that is working properly will disengage and engage gears at the same point every time as you push on the pedal. But if the fluid levels are off, you don't know when that shift will occur during the pedal press.
You may have to push the pedal all the way to the floor for the shift to happen, which is typically an unusual occurrence.
6. Clutch Fluid Is Discolored
If you change the clutch fluid and it looks dark or discolored, don't panic immediately. If you have an older vehicle or a vehicle with a lot of miles on it, say 100,000 or more, this is actually quite normal. Flush the fluid and replace it with new stuff. This could fix your shifting problem.
Check your fluid again or drive around a bit and see if the car's shifting is still off. If the fluid darkens again after a thousand miles or so, or the shifting issue persists, you have a bigger problem than old fluid.
7. Clutch Feels Sticky
Does the clutch feel stiff? In other words, is it difficult to press down on the clutch or does the clutch feel like it's sticking a little bit instead of quickly recovering from being pressed down? This is a definite sign of a fluid leak. You need to stop driving and address this problem right away.
The function of the clutch is too compromised for your safety at this point. Total clutch master cylinder failure could cause you to get into a serious problem.
Can a clutch master cylinder be bad without leaking? In most cases, if your clutch master cylinder fails, this is due to a leak of fluid or air somewhere along the clutch and transmission systems. Because these are closed systems, they are typically only compromised when outside air or fluid gets in.
What about air in clutch master cylinder symptoms? The symptoms of air leaking into the clutch master cylinder are the same signs you will notice with a fluid leak.
How to Test Your Master Cylinder
You should easily spot many of the signs of a clutch master cylinder failure. But...where is the clutch master cylinder? You're going to need to put eyes on it if you're going to fit it and you definitely need to find it if you're going to check the fluid. So it's very useful if you know where the clutch master cylinder is!
The master cylinder is in front of the clutch pedal. However, it's on the other side of the firewall within the engine bay itself. Usually, it is close to the brake master cylinder. It often connects directly to the clutch pedal itself via a long rod. If you follow this rod, you should be able to local the master cylinder.
Have You Got a Bad Clutch Master Cylinder?
If the simple fixes, such as replacing the fluid, do not work, your next step is to replace the master cylinder itself. This is not a costly repair, particularly if you do it yourself.
Replacing the cylinder is not so difficult, particularly when you may be able to find online tutorials to help you along the way. Do the labor yourself and you will need to pay only for the part itself and new clutch fluid. Read this article to learn more about how to replace a clutch master cylinder.
If you aren't used to working on cars or you aren't great with DYI in general, you could end up doing more harm than good. Work slowly and precisely if you plan to do the repairs yourself, even if you are an expert DIYer. If something goes wrong, you could be looking at even more extensive repairs.
Diagnosing the clutch master cylinder isn’t difficult once you know what to look for and even replacing this part is not an impossible task. Look at the problem step by step and you’ll get your transmission shifting smoothly again.
Bad Clutch Master Cylinder FAQ
How do you know if you have a bad clutch master cylinder?
The master cylinder is responsible for providing hydraulics for the clutch of your vehicle and if it goes bad, there are some signs you will notice. The pedals might feel soft or spongy, or you may notice leaking fluid around the pedals.
The engine may also make grinding noises when you shift gears.
How do you test a clutch cylinder?
Usually, the master cylinder is in front of the clutch, next to the brake cylinder. Locate the master and slave cylinders and inspect the pipe between them to look for a leak.
Open the dust cover on both and look inside.
If you see hydraulic fluid, your cylinder may need replacing. Try bleeding the system to remove air and see if this fixes the problem.
What can cause clutch master cylinder to fail?
Hydraulic fluid is usually the source of the problem when the master cylinder fails. The fluid could be contaminated or the wrong fluid may have been added to the system.
The brake fluid could also be leaking, or the nut in the master cylinder push rod may be loose.
How many miles does clutch master cylinder last?
Not all cars are made equally, as some cars cost a great deal more than others and use different materials for engine parts, so it's difficult to say exactly how long a clutch master cylinder should last. But on average, this cylinder will function well for 40,000 to 60,000 miles before it needs to be replaced.
With regular maintenance, the cylinder could last even longer than 60,000 miles.
Is it expensive to replace a clutch master cylinder?
Parts for a classic or high-performance vehicle will cost much more, but you can expect to spend around $300 to $500 for a new clutch master cylinder.