Many gardeners understand the concept and benefits of companion planting. Many plants and vegetables contain natural substances within their roots and leaves which can repel certain tiny and harmful insects. The benefits of companion planting are similar to protecting your plants, flower and vegetables with a body guard.
A, B and C
Anise is a herb that smells like licorice. It acts as a strong host for wasps that prey on aphids. Anise also helps the growth of plants living near by. You can plant anise along side coriander. Many people will be familiar with the marriage between tomato and Basil used in cooking. This same rule is also applicable with planting. When planted along side tomatoes it encourages growth and improves the flavor. Basil also does well when planted next to Oregano, Petunias, Asparagus and bell peppers. It also act as a mosquito repellent. Catnip is a good flea beetle deterrent, as well as deterring, aphids, ants and weevils.
D, E and F
Dill goes well with salmon when used in cooking. In planting, dill assists the growth of cabbage as well as repelling slugs and ladybugs. You should not plant dill next door to lavender, carrots or tomatoes. Dill is a great companion to lettuce, cabbage, sweet corn, onions and cucumber. Elderberry is not just used in making wine. It can also serve as an excellent repellent for aphids and cucumber beetles if made into a spray. You can ferment the leaves of the elderberry and use it to spray the leaves on your neighboring plants for protection. Flax is excellent as a neighbor for potatoes and contains linseed oil and tannin. It protects potatoes from the potato bug, which burrows into potatoes and eats them from the inside.
G, H and K
Garlic is great repellent, as anyone who eats it regularly will know. Aphids are scared off by garlic. Apple trees, peas, pear trees and lettuce also benefit from having garlic planting nearby. Planting garlic underneath a peach tree helps to repel borers. Sulfur is a natural fungicide which is found in garlic. An infusion of garlic tea can be used to spray onto the roots. Hyssop is a superb companion for cabbages and grapes. It is a very good flea beetle deterrent. Hyssop is also high on the preference list of many beekeepers. Their practice of rubbing the hive with hyssop encourages the bees to view that hive as their home. Kelp is primarily used as a tea and sprayed onto plants to repel insects. However, at the same time, kelp also feeds the plants and vegetables.
L to Z
Lavender is a moth and flea repellent and it nourishes nectar insects. There are many other plants and companions which are suitable for the garden, to encourage growth, prevent harmful pests. By looking for the perfect companion to your chosen plants you can help them flourish and last for a long time in a healthy garden.