Basement framing is not always an easy process. It is often made more difficult when you have to work around pipes and other obstacles. The article that follows will provide you with some tips, tricks, and advice on how to properly complete basement framing when you encounter these obstacles.
Properly Mark Off the Area
To do any type of basement framing, you need to have proper markings that tell you where the walls will go. Locate the pipes and mark a line on the floor. It needs to be parallel with the main wall behind which the pipes are located.
Make the line far enough from the original wall so that the plumbing is incorporated in it. A pipe behind a new wall will create added issues if the pipe bursts or other maintenance issues arise.
Once the line is drawn, use the level to ensure that the pipe is plumb, meaning that the pipe should be perfectly straight. In some cases, pipes are installed so that they lean for better flow. The basement framing will need to be adjusted to compensate, so make note.
Finish the Shape of the Obstacles
Basement framing requires a path. Place the square on the floor against the original wall. Line it up with the marks you made in the area. Determine the depth of the basement framing, then connect the lines together to fully create a path for the wall.
Always Use Blocking
Blocking is a miniature frame around an obstacle which blocks it. The blocking is placed at the top of the pipe or other obstacle. The frame is then attached to it. The top plate of the framing is nailed to the blocking. Measure the height of the wall from the floor to the top of the pipe.
Cut a 2x4-inch board to match. Install 1 piece of 2x4-inch board on each side of the pipe using 16-d sinkers. Flank the pipe along the wall. Cut 2X4-inch boards to the length of the pipe. Nail them to the ceiling joists using 8-d sinkers.
The length and height of the wall is what is important when installing basement framing. How far the framing extends from the wall is determined by the obstruction that extends the furthest. Always measure from the wall to the front of the obstacle.
Never Cover Pipes
If you have water pipes in the basement which extend from of the wall, ensure that they are not framed behind the wall because if you ever need access, you will have to cut away part of the wall.
Attaching the Basement Framing Properly
Put the frame against the wall and nail it to the blocking first. Ensure that the front edge of the frame is lined-up evenly with the front of the box.