Although taking your car to a mechanic is a good thing, there are times when you do not have ready access to an automotive shop so you need to acquaint yourself with basic brake repair instructions. To solve basic problems on your car brake, here are some common brake problems and their solutions.
1. Squealing Sound
The squealing sounds from your brakes indicate problems that need to be addressed immediately. If your car seems to scream in agony every time you put your foot hard on the brakes or if your brakes produce that sound even when you are not braking, the brake pads may be worn out. The loud high pitched sound is caused by the grinding of some parts in the brake mechanism. To solve the problem, replace the brake pads.
If the squealing sound is a bit muted and it occurs intermittently, the brake pads of your car may be filled with dust and dirt. To solve the problem, bring your car to an automated car wash station and have your vehicle cleaned-up. Other possible reasons why your brakes squeal intermittently is that your brake liners may be of low quality or the backing plate is worn out. To solve these problems, check the quality of your brake liners and your backing plate, then change them if necessary.
Improper alignment of your brakes can produce a lot of noise. If your brakes squeal even after you added more brake fluid and changed the pads, you need to check the alignment of your brakes.
2. Weak Brakes
If your brakes do not respond well even if you press it hard on the floor, your brake fluid may be low. Low level of brake fluid can cause braking power issues so make sure you check your brake fluid regularly. Another possible reason your brakes are weak is that the brake pads may be worn out already. Worn out brake pads can weaken the brake’s grip, so change your pads regularly.
The presence of air in the brake fluid can affect the performance of your brakes. If your brakes still do not have enough power even after you put in additional brake fluid, drain the brake fluid out then replace it properly.
3. Hard Brake Pedal
Hard brake pedals are a common problem, especially for older vehicles. This problem is often caused by leaks in the vacuum system. Leaks in the vacuum system cause the brakes to lose negative pressure, so you end up pressing the brakes harder to get a reaction from your vehicle. Another possible reason your brake pedal is hard to press is a break in the brake boost. Leaks and breaks in the booster can interfere with the flow of the brake fluid and prevent it from reaching some parts of the system. To solve the problem, check your brake system for leaks and replace broken or leaking parts.
4. Intermittent Brake Actions
If your brakes lose power every few seconds while you press it, the brake discs and pads may be the problem. Check the condition of your brake pads and disc, then replace them if necessary.