Sheetrock is another word used to describe drywall. Sheetrock or drywall, whichever you prefer, is used to create walls and ceilings in home construction. It is also used to patch and repair holes that may occur from time-to-time in your walls that are too big for joint compound or spackling. Sheetrock is an easy material to work with and use.
How Sheetrock Is Used
Sheetrock panels have largely replaced the plaster as the preferred building material in home construction. Sheetrock panels are made from compressed gypsum, which is a naturally occurring rock substance that is mined for the purpose of the type of manufacturing. The gypsum is processed and compressed, held in place by a paper wrapping or packing. Gypsum is easier to work with than plaster and provides some insulating properties that make it ideal for most construction applications.
More About Sheetrock
Sheetrock is made at a standard 48 inches in width or 4 feet and 96 inches or 8 feet in length. Cutting sheetrock is easy to do because the gypsum rock is very pliable and easy to cut. Simply scoring it with a razor knife and snapping the board in half usually is all that is needed to cut a sheetrock panel into sections. A drywall saw can also be used to cut small pinhole cutouts such as those for outlets and circuit boards.
Sheetrock is made into panels that can range in thickness from 1/2-inch to 5/8-inch, as well as 1/4 and 3/8-inch. The thickness required for the sheetrock depends on the building codes for the area in which the sheetrock is installed and the place in the home, whether such an area requires more or less soundproofing or insulation. Sheetrock can also be used in bathrooms or other areas that are exposed to high levels of moisture. In the case of a bathroom or spa insulation, however, a vapor barrier or other wet seal needs to be installed in order to prevent the paper backing on the sheetrock board from getting wet and possibly developing mold spores.
Sheetrock is generally easy to install in a home. Most anyone with average skills using a drill and drywall screws can hang the drywall. Drywall is attached to the wall studs in the home or ceiling joists and is held together with tape and a joint compound called mud. The mud is slathered onto the walls and helps to conceal the seams between consecutive sheets of drywall. With enough practice and time, most individuals can achieve a seamless look from their sheetrock installation.
Removal of Sheetrock
Sheetrock, unlike wood, is not generally reusable once it has been removed from a home. Sheetrock typically ends up in landfills, which creates some environmental concerns. There are efforts being looked into to find alternative and recycling opportunities for sheetrock. This includes using it as an abating material in wetlands and possibly a compost material for gardens.