One of the most popular hobbies across the U.S. is gardening, and building a durable greenhouse has become a sought-after project. In fact, over the past decade, there has been an explosive interest in home-based gardens. Many people are turning to old “Victory” gardens – a term coined when Americans produced their own home-grown produce during World War II – as food prices escalate. Additionally, health concerns are mounting concerning commercially grown food products.
Greenhouses play an important role in northern climates helping extend growing season. They also provide high levels of humidity, creating ideal environments for a variety of plants and vegetables. Greenhouses come in all shapes and sizes and can be designed and constructed to fit individual aesthetic tastes and budgets. Follow these instructions for a successful project.
Step 1 – Choose Your Type and Budget
Choose either a freestanding or attached type and what size you’d like to construct. The amount of money you can spend will decide the types of materials you can use. Determine the size of your greenhouse diagramming the project on paper noting measurements for each side, computing window size, lengths of water pipes, door locations, etc. Be as specific as you possibly can so all aspects for a successful structure are covered including all function considerations.
Step 2 – Select the Site
You need a site that receives a good deal of sunlight, but, keep in mind that partially shaded area will also help reduce excessive heat. Also take into consideration access to transport plants and supplies. Make sure water is available and drainage is possible.
Step 3 – Buy Material
Check online sites for material costs and sources where you can purchase locally. Many large retailers will also have the materials you will need to build the green house.
Step 4 – Level the Ground
Make sure the ground surface area is level and free from debris like rocks and tree stumps. Use either plastic or wood to form a base frame and then secure it firmly on the ground you’ve cleared and leveled. Make sure to include water pipe entry areas.
Step 5 – Frame and Build Sidewalls
Build three sidewalls using either plastic, wood or fiberglass for framing. Make sure to use galvanized nails and water-resistant adhesives to secure the sidewalls to the base. Following your plan, create the roof from whatever material chosen and secure it to the three walls already constructed. Secure the roof again with galvanized nails and water-resistant adhesive. Construct the fourth wall, including the entryway and windows, as per your chosen plan. Be sure all connections are tightly secured to withstand normal operating pressure.
Step 10 – Apply the Film
Cover the greenhouse with UV-resistant film securing it with batten tape and wire where necessary. Make sure to cover the window and door, also.
Step 11 – Electric and Plumbing
Install any and all electrical and plumbing connections making sure compliance to local codes is followed.
Once constructed, plan the interior using plant racks allowing for free space to work, kneeling and standing as well as walking areas.