Though not an easy endeavor, building a multiple-stall horse barn can be a relatively simple task, and can save you thousands of dollars. Choosing to build your own horse stall gives you the ability to get exactly what you want, at prices you can afford. By designing and building the barn yourself, you can customize the stalls to fit your horses and their needs perfectly.
Step 1: Research Local Building Codes
Before you get started, look up local building codes. Some areas don’t allow horses in residential areas. There are housing associations that prefer that no permanent structures be added to your property. Building codes can make you aware of the depth of pipes, and the safest way to begin construction.
Step 2: Choose Your Location
Find the area you want to build your barn on. It should be large enough for each horse to have its own 12x12 stall, in addition to room for feed and tack, and a center aisle if you so choose. If you build a barn with a central aisle, add an extra 14 feet to the middle for comfort. Furthermore, the barn should be on the highest area, as this will prevent flooding, and should be relatively dry in order to prevent warping.
Step 3: Creating the Frame
Dig 2-foot deep holes at the corners of the area where you are going to build your barn, and every 12 feet between these corners. This establishes the frame for your stalls. Put a 4 by 4 post in each, and cement, using wooden stakes to keep the posts perpendicular to the ground. These posts support the roof, so make sure that they are secure.
Step 4: Cover the Walls and Roof
Use the lumber to cover your shed, with solid walls at least 4 feet high, as a horse could jump over a shorter wall. On the roof, place a piece of lumber every 12 inches to minimize leakage and maximize strength.
Step 5: Put in Doors
Though you might like the look of the traditional Dutch door, your horse won’t. Choose doors that are solid on the bottom half, with bars on the top. This allows airflow while still giving your animal privacy. If you live in an area prone to insects, consider using a wire grill for the top half rather than bars, as this can protect your horse from mosquito and fly bites.
Step 6 – Install Flooring
No one would scoff at using sand, gravel, or dirt for the flooring in your barn, but experts say that rubber mats are the best way to go. They may be a little more expensive than the alternatives, but they’re easy on your horse’s feet and are easily cleaned, helping keep your animals healthier.
Step 7 – Bring Your Horses In
You’ve finally completed your barn. Bring your horses over and introduce them to their new homes.