Are you planning to grow bush lima beans in your vegetable garden? You should have a thorough understanding about the different aspects of planting before beginning the plantation process. Knowledge about the different varieties of beans is also helpful before growing them. Bush lima beans and pole lima beans are the two different types of lima beans available.
Bush Lima Beans
Phaseolus lunatus or the bush lima beans are easy to grow. They belong to the legume family and are good for health. They fall in the category of short germinating seeds. Short germinating seeds are planted 7 days within the new moon. This is the period when the seeds absorb water and seed coat bursts quickly. On an average, seeds take about 7 days to germinate.
Bush lima beans mature more slowly compared to the pole lima beans. They mature around 10 to 15 days earlier than the Pole lima beans.
Lima beans contain a vast amount of carbohydrates. This makes them more prone to fungi and bacteria. They produce a lower yield on an average. Bush lima beans are generally small in size.
Suitable time for harvesting
Harvest the beans when the seeds are full in size. Bush lima beans take around 63 to 77 days to mature. The harvesting period goes on for about 84 days.
Maintain a space of 6 inches between each seed. The plant also provides large quantity of nitrogen. The depth for planting should be about 1 inch. They need a long-warm summer to mature.
Angular Leaf Spot, a fungal disease usually affects the growth of bush lima beans.
'Dixie Butterpea', ‘Henderson Bush' and 'Nemagreen' are some of the varieties of bush Lima beans.
Seeds per square foot
Plant around 20 to 90 seeds, depending on the size, per 0.4 square foot to avoid damaging the plantation.
Pole Lima beans
Pole lima beans fall in the same category of short germinating seeds. Pole beans take longer to ripen than the bush lima beans. They mature two weeks after the bush lima beans and are comparatively difficult to grow.
Maturation rate and suitable time for harvesting
The pole lima beans take around 77 to 91 days to mature. This is considerably a longer time period compared to bush lima beans. This eventually increases the harvesting period. The seeds require a comparatively cooler climate and mature faster than the bush lima beans. Harvest the beans when the end of the pods is soft.
The bean size of pole lima beans is longer than that of bush lima beans. They produce higher yields compared to bush lima beans.
Maintain a space of 3-5 inches between each seed. The depth for planting should be about 1 inch.
Carolina (Sieva), Florida Speckled Butter Bean are some of the varieties of pole lima beans.
Diseases such as Anthracnose, mosaic virus and bacterial blight affect the pole lima beans.
Seeds per square foot
Plant around 20 to 90 seeds, depending on the size, per 0.12 to 0.18 square foot to avoid damaging the plantation.