A direct vent fireplace is one that vents fumes and exhaust from a wood pellet stove or fireplace. This ventilation can be done using a horizontal or vertical direct ventilation process. A horizontal direct ventilation runs a vent at a parallel to the stove through the side of the home. The vertical direct ventilation system exhausts fumes perpendicular to the fireplace. This vent is installed through the roof of the home.
There are different types of direct vent fireplaces included those made by Napoleon, Mendota, Heatilator and Heat n Go. Although this article will not discuss the specifics of any 1 brand or type of direct vent fireplace, it will discuss what to look for in choosing a direct vent fireplace. This choice is between selecting a horizontal direct ventilation fireplace or a vertical direct ventilation system.
Horizontal Direct Ventilation Fireplace
The horizontal direct ventilation fireplace is designed to the vent the fumes and exhaust from the fireplace through a side vent and duct that is built into the home. Horizontal direct ventilation requires less vent pipe as it is simply run parallel to the fireplace or wood pellet stove and out of a wall that is adjacent to the appliance.
Vertical Direct Ventilation Fireplace
The vertical direct ventilation fireplace is designed to vent the fumes and exhaust from the fireplace through a vertical vent and duct that is built through the roof of the home. Vertical direct ventilation requires more vent piping than the horizontal direct ventilation system because the piping is run perpendicular to the stove or fireplace and ran upward and out through the roof.
Choosing a Direct Vent Fireplace
When choosing a direct vent fireplace there are some considerations that must be taken into account in order to determine what type of fireplace is best for your home. Direct vent fireplaces, or more commonly wood pellet stoves are gaining in popularity because of their use of biomass fuel. This reduces our energy dependency and can also lower your home's energy costs.
Factors in Choosing a Direct Vent Fireplace
One of the factors that goes into choosing a direct vent fireplace is the amount of space that is available for its installation. A smaller space that is being proposed for the placement of the fireplace may be more suited for a horizontal direct ventilated fireplace whereby a fireplace that is being placed in an open area within the home would benefit from a longer vent pipe connection, as in the case of a vertical direct ventilation fireplace.
Installation costs and time are also a consideration to take into account when choosing a direct bent fireplace. Since labor costs do vary from community to community its hard to quote an exact cost for installing your direct ventilation fireplace. Calling around to several installers who are certified by the National Fireplace Institute may be one to determine the best way to compare the cost of installation.