A concrete floor does not have to be plain and smooth. Texturing is one way you can spice up your floor. Before you choose your texture, however, you should consider a few things.
Where will this floor be located? Should the texture be slip-resistant or more aesthetic? For instance, a kitchen floor is typically smoother and more decorative than a garage floor.
Fresh or Dry Concrete
Are you working with fresh concrete, or has the concrete already dried? Some textures, like broom finish and stamping, can only be done on wet concrete.
You make the broom finish by dragging a hard-bristle broom through wet concrete. You create stamped patterns by pressing them into wet concrete and allowing them to dry.
Other textures, such as acid etching and sandblasting, can only be created on hard, dry concrete. You create acid etching by scrubbing water and hydrochloric acid mixture into the floor. You make the sandblast texture by blowing sand at extremely high pressures to erode the surface of the concrete.
Are you going to stain your concrete floor? Some stains mix directly into the wet concrete so the colors are less likely to chip. You may spray other stains onto dry concrete. The second class of stains chemically bonds with the concrete. These stains are acid-based and remove the top layer of the concrete; they leave a grainy texture behind.
Once you have answered these questions, you need to think about what type of pattern you would like on your floor.
The broom finish makes larger patterns, but the size of your broom limits you. Stamps can be any size, and the pattern doesn’t even have to be repetitive. You can, for example, make the cement look like stone flooring.
Etching removes the top layer of the area and exposes the aggregate, so the cement isn’t as smooth as it would be if you stamped it. You can etch the floor with stencils to create a more intricate pattern.
Sandblasting also removes the top layer of the concrete floor. Any patterning you do with this method won’t be as intricate because you make the patterns by blasting some parts of the cement and not others.
You can polish the cement to look like a marble floor, or you can paint stamped stones to make them look more realistic. Either way, you will seal the cement and prevent any dirt from penetrating the floor.
If you don’t decide to color your cement, you may still seal your concrete floor. A sealant helps you keep the floor clean. You can select from several colors so the floor can blend with its surroundings.