The sweet fragrance of the jasmine flower makes it a welcome plant in many gardens. The plant parts have several uses (making tea, perfume, cosmetics, medicines and food flavorings). The plant thrives when grown in a warm site, preferably full sun. However, some shade is also beneficial. Well-drained soils of moderate fertility work best. Sandy loam soils or garden clays are equally suitable.
The best planting time is late spring or summer, which allows the plant adequate time to establish before the winter. Be careful to avoid some of the following common mistakes when you grow jasmine.
Not Enough or Too Much Sunlight
Jasmine requires plenty of direct sunlight in order to grow well. Grow yours in a site that receives at least 5 hours of direct sunlight daily. If you grow it indoors, place the container in an east window. Inadequate sunlight encourages fungal infections, such as powdery mildew.
However, exposure to strong direct sunlight is also harmful. Take measures, especially during the summer, to protect the plant from intense midday sunlight. Otherwise, the leaves and blossoms are likely to wilt.
Inadequate Watering or Overwatering
Give your plant adequate water throughout the early growing phase. Do not let the soil dry out between waterings. Inadequate water will hinder healthy growth and prevent proper development of roots. The plant requires about 4 inches of water weekly, best in two to three doses each week.
Be careful not to give excessive water, which will create soggy soils. Root rot may then develop, negatively impacting the plant's health. Cut back on watering once the plant has established well.
During periods of reliable rainfall, you need not give much supplementary water. However, be sure to water well during the summer and other periods of hot, dry weather.
Lack of Fertilizer
Do not overlook the need to fertilize regularly. The plant responds well to frequent application of fertilizer. However, avoid strong fertilizers, as these may overwhelm the plant or even kill it. Use a moderate fertilizer, rich in phosphorous. Apply twice a year, in the spring and fall. Fertilizer will encourage healthy growth and abundant blooming.
Avoid planting jasmine in limited spaces. Overcrowding impairs the growth of the plants. It restricts good air circulation and prevents roots and foliage from growing comfortably. When limited space constrains the branches and foliage, the dense network encourages insect infestations.
It is important that you stake your young jasmine plants. Stakes will give them more stability. Stability is important since the plants become heavier at the top as they grow. Staking them will allow them to grow more comfortably. You need not stake them once they are well-established.
Trim jasmine regularly, about twice a year. Trimming will facilitate healthy growth. It will also improve air circulation and allow more sunlight to reach most of the plant. Dense growth usually develops in the center. If not trimmed, it is likely to encourage pest infestations.