Coarse fishing is pretty much a catch-all term for freshwater fishing. There are some exceptions, however. Salmon, trout and seatrout aren’t part of what is termed coarse fishing. From using a pole in a fishing lake to going flying fishing in a river, it all counts as coarse fishing, but there are different types worth knowing about, and each is different.
The most basic type of fishing these days involves a rod, reel and a float. The fisherman uses weight so that just the tip of the float is visible above the surface of the water. Trotting is when you fish in the river and let the float go with the current. Generally when fishing this way you’ll use maggots as bait for the fish and aim to catch perch and bream.
Even more basic is a pole and line, not even using a reel. In these instances the [poles can be extremely long, up to 30 feet, with the line held in place at the tip of the rod with elastic that’s matched to the line. You’d only use this type of gear when fishing in still water. It makes for a different kind of casting, and it’s quite feasible to use much shorter poles, especially with younger fishermen. For them this makes the ideal introduction to coarse fishing as there’s no need to master the use of the reel.
Ledgering is different again as it uses weights but no float, with the line resting on the bottom of the water. The weights used on the line also give the weight you need to cast the line. In this case you’d need a special indicator or quivertip on the line to know when a fish has bitten on the bait.
Ledgering offers a different challenge to float fishing, and the rod itself is usually perched on rest by the angler. It can be used both in still water and on rivers, making it a very flexible type of fishing.
Fishing for carp is a type of ledgering, and very popular. The size of carp tends to require specialized gear, including stronger rods. The technique involved is also different. Liners are generally cast a great distance -100 yards isn’t uncommon - and patience is vital as the fish take much longer to catch. Special bait is also needed to attract carp.
Although fly fishing is often used to catch trout, they’re not the only fish sought this way. Fly fishing can take a lifetime to master. It needs a weighted line, along with a rod and reel made for the job. A tied fly is put at the end of the line to attract the fish, and different fishermen swear by different types of fly. It’s a type of fishing that demands knowledge and mastery of the casting technique. There are some who become converts to it and wouldn’t do anything else, but it’s more a branch of coarse fishing than in the mainstream.