At least once in our lifetime, most of us will find ourselves in a situation where we need to make changes to our light fixtures for one reason or another. While light fixture repair/replacement is a reasonably simple task to achieve, a recurring question keeps lingering in the mind of everyone found in this position- Are there power risks involved?
Well, before working on a light fixture or any other domestic infrastructure connected to an electric circuit, it is always crucial that you understand the potential power hazards involved and how to mitigate them. In this article, we assess the power risks involved in replacing a light fixture and the best practices that ensure user safety during a light fixture replacement exercise.
Risks Associated with Working with Power On
Before embarking on a light fixture repair journey, you have probably wondered whether it’s safe to leave the circuit breaker on and just turn the lights off using the wall switch or if there is more to it that needs to be done. Well, ideally, while it is possible to work with the breaker on and the wall switch off, this is not a recommended practice. In fact, as a DIYer, you should NEVER opt for this method because of the safety risks involved. The argument to this objection is simple: A correctly wired fixture will see the wall switch rightfully disconnect the power supply.
However, in many instances, the connections usually run a neutral wire to the switch and a “hot” wire to the light fixture. In such instances, switching off the wall switch with the breaker still on will turn off the bulb but will still have current flowing on the "hot" wire within the fixture. Getting in contact with such a current can be disastrous. Alternatively, you might be working on the light fixture, and someone accidentally turns the wall switch on. With the breaker still on and depending on the wires one is in contact with at the moment; the possibility of electrocution is imminent.
How to Safely Replace a Light Fixture
As a best practice, always ensure you are correctly geared up and insulated from the ground and anything metallic throughout the exercise (use gloves, closed shoes, etc.). You will also need to ensure you have all the necessary tools before embarking on a light fixture repair or replacement exercise. Check our tools section before you start your work.
Step 1 - Turn Off the Circuit Breaker
Turning off the circuit breaker is the most crucial step of an electrical DIY project. In this step, you are required to cut off the power supply not just by flipping off the wall switch but by ensuring the main circuit breaker in the main electric panel is switched off. While it is possible to turn off individual breakers connecting power to specific areas of the house that need attention, it is recommended to turn off the main breaker if unsure of how the individual breakers operate.
After that, and throughout the subsequent steps, one is advised to always ensure they test for electric current in the wires they are working with before physically handling them. The recommended tool for this job is the non-contact voltage tester.
Step 2 - Unpin the Existing Light Fixture from the Roof
Once the power supply is cut, use the screwdriver to detach the fixture from the roof where it is held.
Step 3 - Locate the Junction Box and Disconnect the Wires Connection
Beneath the light fixture is a junction box that acts as a metal container for the connection wires. In the junction box are contained about three pairs of wire. These wires are matched by colour, covered by tiny plastic caps, and occasionally covered with electrical tape. To separate the wire connection, you will need to remove the binding tape and unscrew the caps.
Step 4 - Inspect the Base Connection in the Ceiling
Inspect the wires for any instances of oxidation, hardening, or melting of the wire insulation. In case of any deterioration, cut off the affected part and strip the insulation to reveal about ¾-inch of fresh copper for the new installation
Step 5 - Assemble and Install the New Fixture
Connect the black, white, and ground wires with their corresponding matches from the ceiling using appropriately sized wire connectors. Ensure no copper is noticeable from under the edge of the wire connectors. After that, pin your fixture against the roof/wall and install appropriate light bulbs as highlighted on the fixture's socket labels.
Step 6 - Turn On the Breaker and Test the New Installation
Turn on your breaker and flip the wall switch to observe if everything works as expected. If entirely so, a smile on your way out at this point won’t hurt, or will it?
It's crucial to ensure that we have our power switched off from the circuit breaker before embarking on a light fixture replacement exercise.
As with any other electrical project, caution is paramount. Always ensure you adhere to the manufacturer’s instructions for safe installation. Find out if your fixture is the type that needs a permit to engage and observe the set building and electrical codes in your area. In case of doubt, be sure to contact a licensed electrician for proper guidance and follow-up.