Drip irrigation involves evenly applying water at low pressure using plastic tubes positioned toward the plant roots. This method is especially useful on hills or in areas of little natural water.
Drip irrigation enables efficient use of water as it is applied evenly, ensuring a balanced distribution of nutrients and salts. This enhances healthy growth of plants and boosts crop yields.
The system is also associated with reduced nutrient and chemical leaching as well as less waste of water and runoff into stream. This is because it allows water to infiltrate deeply into the soil. A drip irrigation system therefore conserves water, which is both cost-effective and environmentally friendly.
At first, purchasing and installing a drip irrigation system can seem like a costly investment. It involves frequent maintenance and constant monitoring, which adds to the cost. In addition, the water requires quality management, including cleaning through filtration.
Troubleshooting drip irrigation can be difficult. Tiny contaminants and lime deposits can easily block the small openings in the tubes and drip emitters. If siphoned back into the emitters, these can cause the system to malfunction very quickly.