Having the right drywall materials on hand helps to make the job of hanging and finishing it easier. It's not that the job is easy, but you won't have to run around finding materials after you start, thereby saving you time. The list of drywall materials includes the products you put up to complete the walls and ceilings of the structure. It can also include, by extension, the tools necessary for the work. This article will run down both: the materials and the tools you need.
Beginning with the materials, there are several specific products you will need. Keep in mind that there are different brands that produce similar goods. Sheetrock, although often used interchangeably with the term drywall, is actually a brand name. They do, however, make top quality drywall materials, so you can't go wrong with using their products.
You will need plenty of drywall. It comes in ½-inch, 5/8-inch thicknesses, but ¼-inch and 3/8-inch varieties are also available. Drywall consists of a gypsum core surrounded by a front and back layer of paper. For bathroom drywall hanging or anywhere that moisture may pose a problem, greenboard is required. It, too, is gypsum board, but instead of paper it has a thin fiberglass coating.
Drywall tape is used for finishing. It's designed to cover up every joint and corner to hide the gap and seam. There are numerous brands of drywall tape. It can be paper or plastic based. In high moisture areas, make sure you don't use paper-based tape.
Another name for drywall compound is mud. It comes in several varieties. The most common for non-pros is all purpose compound, which can be used for all 3 layers of mudding. There is also taping compound which is used for the first 2 layers and topping compound for the final layer. These types are called drying compound and come premixed and ready to apply. Setting compound is used more by pros. It has to be mixed and may dry in as little as 20 minutes.
Drywall Screws and Nails
When hanging drywall, you use either drywall screws or nails to do it. They have a specific application. Screws are superior to nails, though, because they are easily removed and better fasten the drywall to the studs.
Some of the tools you need for drywall work are used elsewhere, such as a power drill, utility knife and tape measure. Some are especially designed for drywall, though. These include drywall knives, jacks and troughs. Knives come in many sizes. They are flat and of various widths, resembling larger, fanned out putty knives. Drywall jacks are used to support drywall when hanging it on a ceiling. A drywall trough is a stainless steel pan used to hold drywall mud.
There are very specific tools and materials required in order to hang and finish drywall. Having the materials you need and the right tools for the job will ultimately save you time and help to make the installation as trouble free as possible.