Nutrient Management 3 - Taking Soil Tests

If you intend to send your sample to the land grant university in your state, contact the local Cooperative Extension Service for information and sample bags. If you intend to send your sample to a private testing lab, contact them for specific details about submitting a sample.

Follow the directions carefully for submitting the sample. The following are general guidelines for taking a soil sample.

  1. Sample when the soil is moist but not wet.
  2. For each acre of land to be tested, 10 to 15 sub-samples are recommended. Areas that appear different or that have been used differently should be sampled separately. For example, a separate sample should be submitted for an area that has been in a garden and one that has been lawn.
  3. Obtain a clean pail or similar container.
  4. Clear away the surface litter or grass.
  5. With a spade or soil auger, dig a small amount of soil to a depth of 6 inches.
  6. Place the soil in the clean pail.
  7. Repeat steps 4 through 6 until the required number of samples have been collected.
  8. Mix the samples together thoroughly.
  9. From the mixture, take the sample that will be sent for analysis.
  10. Send immediately. Do not dry before sending.

If you are using a home soil testing kit, follow the above steps for taking your sample. Follow the directions in the test kit carefully.

Courtesy of the U.S. Department of Agriculture.