Fuchsia plants can be vulnerable to many different pests. The best defense from pests is to know what you're dealing with. Once you can identify the culprit, there are some pretty creative ways to treat pest infestation, and all of them can do wonders for your fuchsia plant. The following will provide you with a guide to identify and get rid of your fuschia pests.
Aphids are the most common plant pest. They can stunt the growth of your plant, especially if they get a hold of a plant sprout. You could use pesticides to spray your fuchsia, but there are more gentle ways to get rid of aphid bugs.
Aphids breathe through their skin, so using soft soap treatments on aphids and white flies (which will be mentioned later) will actually suffocate the bugs, gradually killing them off.
White flies are tiny insect creatures that resemble both a white moth and a fly. They can be identified by the white “cloud” of bugs that flies around when you touch or approach your plant. They leave a gooey substance on the surfaces of your fuchsia, which turns the leaves black as they decay from the chemical composition of the sticky residue.
You can try treating white flies just like aphids, or you can again resort to chemical pesticides. However, if you’re looking for a more eco-friendly way to deal with a white fly infestation, you could try introducing parasitic wasps to your garden. They will eat the white fly nymphs, or larvae, which will eventually kill off the white fly population. Don’t use pesticides after introducing the parasitic wasps to your fuchsia plants because you’ll probably kill off your wasps before they have the chance to get rid of your white fly population.
Spider mites are almost-invisible mites that spin ultra-fine webs on your the undersides of fuchsia plant’s leaves. They thrive in warm, dry conditions, and usually will only infest plants indoors, like in a greenhouse or in your home. Spider mites will cause speckling and bronzing of your foliage, which will stunt your plant’s ability to photosynthesize.
Using insecticides for spider mites might help with the infestation, but the best way to deal with spider mites is to first lower the temperature in your indoor environment by a few degrees, and then mist your fuchsia with ambiant water. Because since spider mites thrive in warm, dry conditions, taking away their ideal environment is the best way to eliminate them.
There are several methods for exterminating pests on your fuchsia plant, but the best are the ones that are tried and true and virtually chemical-free. You can keep your conscience clear by caring for your infested plant in an eco-friendly manner by using predatory insects and biodegradable and highly-diluted soaps on your plants. Keep your ambiant temperature cool, and keep your plants moist.