The ginkgo treeis one of the oldest trees found on earth. Ginkgoes have an extremely long life span with some extending to more than 1,000 years. They are widely appreciated because of their health benefits. The leaves and bark yield valuable herbal and medicinal potions.
Numerous dietary supplements contain gingko as one of the vital ingredients. Its usefulness has been ascertained as a highly effective antioxidant agent, memory booster and to improve mental clarity. The trees need plenty of sunlight and thrive in full sun areas. They grow best in coastal regions. Although they tolerate various soils, they will do best in areas that have moist, well-drained soils. Following are some care tips for your ginkgo tree.
The tree requires adequate water, especially in its young stage. Regular watering is essential for the first 2 to 3 years. The soils around the tree should be consistently moist. Avoid letting the soils dry out in-between watering. The tree is a hardy species once mature and does not require much watering. However, it is a good idea to give it supplemental water during periods of drought or where rainfall is unreliable or inadequate. Give your tree adequate water so that the soils around the tree become moist. Be careful not to create soggy soil conditions around the tree. This will encourage fungal infections to develop on the stem. Soggy soils will also create breathing difficulties for the roots and may cause root rot.
Apply fertilizer regularly while the tree is in its early growth phase. For the first 3 years, give the tree a good fertilizer to facilitate proper growth. A slow-release granular fertilizer is most beneficial. Sprinkle the fertilizer liberally on top of the mulch once every 6 months. The rain will soak in the fertilizer and make it available for the roots. This will support the roots to establish themselves well which will assure healthy growth. Once the tree is well-established you can reduce application of fertilizer. For mature ginkgoes, apply fertilzer once every 2 years to enable the tree maintain healthy growth.
Ginkgoes require mulch all-year round in order to achieve optimal growth. It will help to preserve soil moisture. You will not have to water your tree as much when mulch is in place because less water is lost from the soil through evaporation. Mulch is also beneficial to the tree as it helps maintain soil temperatures at a satisfactory level. Organic mulch is most beneficial for your ginkgo tree. This may consist of wood chips, dried leaves or chopped bark. Place 3 inches into the ground around the tree. Be sure you allow enough space around the stem for proper breathing. It will also prevent rodents from coming to nestle in the mulch and feed on the stem.
A regular trim is good for ginkgoes while they are still young. This will improve development of branches. Prune in early spring so that the tree has plenty of time for new growth to appear. As the tree matures, trim off multiple trunks, suckers and damaged or diseased branches.