Passiflora is very beautiful, even though it is a common weed that grows in ditches and fields in the United States. It is a flowering vine that grows from May until the first frost, at which time the vine shrivels and the roots hibernate in the ground until the next season.
The hibernation that the flower undergoes, coupled with its shape, gave this plant its name. Missionaries named it the passion flower in honor of their Christian faith. This flower can grow vines up to 15 feet in just one year. It produces passion fruit as well.
Growing passion flowers is not difficult. Just follow these steps to get started:
Step 1 - Start in the Spring
Start planting passion flowers in early May. Take passion flower seeds and rub them lightly on one side with fine sandpaper. Then soak the seeds in warm water for one day.
Step 2 - Prepare the Pots
Take a pot and put a few inches of sand on the bottom of the pot. Because passion flowers need dry conditions, plant them in pots with soil that drains and dries out quickly. Fill the pot completely with plain potting soil, keeping it loosely packed.
Step 3 - Pot the Seeds
Take one seed and push it an inch deep into the soil of each pot. Take the pots and put them in an area that gets a lot of sun for the majority of the day. Add a few drops of fertilizer to each seed the day after you put the seeds in the pots.
Step 4 - Check on the Plants
Check the pots every few days to ensure the soil hasn't become too dry. Once in a while, water the pots. At the beginning of June the plants should be sprouting and already grown to a nice size for transplantation
Step 5 - Dig
Dig holes about 6 inches deep in a flowerbed that is located on high ground. Make sure the flowerbed has very good drainage. Although this flower grows along the ground, it does grow better if you place a trellis nearby that it can use for support.
Step 6 - Plan
Dig the root system out of the pot, being very careful not to cause damage. The root system of this flower is quite fragile and very small. Place potting soil in the bottom of each hole in the ground and then place a flower in each hole. Add more potting soil to each plant until they can stand unaided. After you have planted the flowers, add high potash liquid fertilizer to help with the shock of transplantation.
Step 7 - Maintain
Examine your plants every day. Make sure they continue to grow. Passion flowers grow very fast due to a high metabolic process. They absorb fluids quickly and can become dehydrated in a short amount of time. Make sure you water the flowers if rain is not in the forecast. Keep in mind that, although watering is important, the root of the plant can rot if it stays wet.