How to Install a Hinge
Read this article for advice on hinges. The information it contains will help you with issues regarding right/left handed hinges, as well as installing hinges and choosing the best hinges for your needs.
Right and Left Hand Hinges
The majority of hinge designs are able to be reversed. Reversing the hinge means that you can attach it so that the end you prefer is upright. You will find that some hinges are meant to be installed only in one direction. To decide between these types of hinges, figure out which way you want the door to open and where the hinges need to be located for security purposes. Select either a right or left handed hinge based on those needs.
Most hinges are either surface mounted or recessed. You may encounter combination models where part is recessed and the other is surface mounted.
You must always begin with accurate measurements. Plan for appropriate clearances. Always work with tools that will create superior end products.
Butt hinges are a popular variety of recessed hinges. To install butt hinges, first decide where they need to go. Most contractors say that 5-inches from the top and 10-inches from the bottom is the best place.
In most cases, you will cut the recess to match the depth of the hinge. Use a butt marker to indicate the proper width for the cut. The length of the recess must match the length of the hinge. The width, likewise, matches that of the hinge.
Use a chisel to make the cuts. Make sure it all aligns properly. Determine where to drill for your screws and make the hole just a bit smaller than the screws. Attach the screws and secure the door into it's hung hinges with the pins.
Choosing the Right Hinges for the Job
To mount a regular door, the most popular type of hinge is a butt hinge. These hinges come with both removable and un-removable pins. Loose pin systems are great because they allow you to detach the door without disassembling the hinge.
Use a rising butt hinge when a floor covering may interfere with the door. If you want a more decorative appearance, consider a knuckle hinge.
Doors that aren't heavy typically use butt hinges. Heavy duty doors may require ball bearing hinges. Double hinges open in both directions. Many contractors use pivot hinges for overlay doors.
Screen doors do best with offset blind hinges. Some cases do well with spring loaded hinges.
A type of hinge used in general construction is called a back flap hinge. it's kind of like a butt hinge.For appearance purposes, you may prefer an ornamental hinge of a semi-concealed hinge.
Light cabinetry often uses H and HL hinges.
Information in this article has been furnished by the National Retail Hardware Association (NRHA) and associated contributors.