How to Adjust Wood Turning Lathes

What You'll Need
The wood turning lathe
A piece of wood
A marker

Wood turning lathes come in various sizes and types. It is a wise investment for a person who wants to mount, turn or shape things like posts and stands. Before you start using this machine, it is important to learn how to adjust it accordingly. It needs to be adjusted depending on the thickness of the wood you are working on. Do this every time you change the type of wood you are using or the outcome will likely not be to your satisfaction.


Step 1- Preparations

When using any type of the wood turning lathe, place it on a firm working table. Do this with all types of lathes and make sure there is enough space around the machine for easy movement. Mark the middle point on the piece of wood you will be working on. This is the point you will use to hold the wood on the tail-stock and the spindle next to the headstock.

Step 2 - Setting Up the Wood

Support the wood using the marks you have made. Start with the end on the spindle and, holding it with one hand, support it on the tail-stock.  Ensure it is level. Start tightening the tail-stock slowly so that the wood is held firmly in place. Hold the locking knob below the tail-stock and turn it so that the tail-stock does not shift. At this stage, the wood is fixed and is parallel to the bed of the wood turning lathe. If you feel the connection is sloppy, turn the tail-stock lock knob and make sure you have attached the wood using the mark you had made.

Step 3 - Adjusting the Tool Rest

Loosen the locking knob below the tool rest. This will allow you to shift the tool rest upwards or down to get the right height. This is important if you want to work on your pieces with ease, as you get deeper into the wood. It should not push the wood running over it upwards. Next, turn the base clamp so that you can take the tool rest towards one end of the machine. Maintain the space between the tool rest and the wood all through for even results. If you think it is getting too close to the wood, turn the locking knob or the base clamp to retain the space. The essence of working with this machine is that you should maintain the same level of speed to have an even product.

Step 4 - Checking the Adjustment

Move to the headstock and start rotating it easily. Check whether the tool rest is too close to the wood and whether the wood is rotating easily. If none of this is working, raise or lower the tool rest and tighten the tail-stock and the spindle. This will move the wood with ease. If all connections are intact, turn on the power and start working.