How to Build a Portable Solar Generator

What You'll Need
Solar panel
Charge controller
Battery (deep cycle battery)
Copper mechanical lugs
Battery charger
2 AWG cables
Battery box
System meter
Wire stripper
Extension cables

A portable solar generator can be used on camping trips and outdoor activities. To build a solar power generator is simple but a little costly but it pays off in the long run. Solar power is a renewable eco-friendly energy source.

Step 1 – Assessing Your Power Need

The size of your portable solar power generator will depend on your energy need i.e. how many appliances you want to run.

Step 2 – Purchasing the Needed Material

The set up initially will be costly, but you can start small and build up adding more panels and batteries as you go on. Begin with a 15 amp solar panel. Some companies provide you with easy portable solar power panel systems for easy storage. Purchase all the other materials on the list to begin setting up your very own solar power unit.

Step 3 – Setting Up the Batteries

The number of batteries you use depends on your budget and need. Start with one or two deep cycle marine batteries. These batteries are available in different sizes which vary from lower than 125 amps per hour to 160 amps per hour. These batteries are easily available.

Step 4 – Attachment of Batteries to Charger and Setting the Battery Bank

Attach your batteries to the battery charger following the instruction on the instruction manual that will come with the battery charger. Fully charge the batteries before you use them, otherwise you will end up killing your batteries and waste a lot of money. Once your batteries are charged, connect them and store them in a battery container which can be an individual case or a large case which can store all your batteries in one large container. If you are using a single battery than a standard battery container will suffice.

Step 5 – Making a Jumper and Attachment of Charge Controller

To attach your batteries you will need to make a jumper. For this you will need to strip the wires using the wire stripper and attaching them to the copper mechanical lugs. And attach it to your battery bank linking them. The wires will be of two colors, red and black for positive and negative ends. Now, attach the charge controller to one side of the battery/battery bank and the other end to the solar panels. You can add the system meter to the battery bank system to keep check on the power levels.

Step 6 – Attaching the Inverter to the Battery bank

On the other side (power out side) of the battery/battery bank attach the inverter. An inverter converts direct current (DC) to alternating current (AC) which is used by regular house hold appliances.

Step 7 – Starting up the System

Once you have the system attached you can run it by placing the solar panels in the sun and letting the system charge up and hooking your devices to the inverter. You can attach extension cables to the inverter to attach more than one appliance.