Before you build a recording studio, consider the space you need and materials for soundproofing and controls. It may cost up for $5,000 or $6,000 to get started.
A studio consists of 2 sections: a performance section and a recording section. If possible, choose 2 adjacent rooms, though you can always partition a large room into 2 spaces. Keep in mind that the space must accomodate all equipment including instruments, speakers, amplifiers, etc. A room without windows—or with windows that can be easily covered—works best to sustain proper sound quality.
The easiest way to soundproof a room is with special foam. It can be purchased online or rom music stores, usually in rolls 8 feet long. Take the dimensions of your studio before purchasing. The foam will ensure that nothing in the room will mar the quality of sound on your recordings.
Control and Performance Rooms
The two rooms will need to face each other so that the person manning the controls can comfortably see and direct the performers. For the most basic performance room, you will need instruments, microphones and stands. Consider a MIDI controller into which you can load plug-ins for different instruments and play them without the instrument actually being there. You may also need seats or stools for performers.
The control room can be more narrow, so long as all the recording equipment will fit along the inside wall. This will include a mixing board and a power amplifier, especially if you are using multiple instruments. The mixing board should have at least 8 channels. Computers loaded with recording software will be placed here. Any PC or Mac will work so long as it has Firewire/USB ports, a soundcard, a large hard drive and a CD or CD/DVD burner. If you can't afford or fit a mixing board, etc., use a standard multi-track recorder.
Purchase as many microphones as the mixing board will allow. For recording vocals, buy condenser microphones.