How to Build a Shed Roof

What You'll Need
Basic carpentry tools
Framing square
Selected type of covering

Having a strong and durable shed roof is extremely important if you want to keep all your possessions from getting damaged by weather conditions. The type of roof you choose is entirely your decision. Flat roofs are easy to build, but they are not very effective during the rains. For this reason, a gable type of roof is the best option. This kind of a shed roof is slanting. You can build a strong durable shed roof with these easy steps.

Step 1: Install Beams on the Top

This is the first step in building a roof for your shed. For doing this, it is important that the foundation and walls of your shed are already built. Depending on the size of your shed, construct a framing square with good quality lumber like oak. Join the four beams and place the frame of the top of your shed. It is important for the beams to be at least an inch thicker than your walls. This will provide good support for the overhead construction. Use nails or bolts along with carpenter’s glue to fix the beams on the top properly.

Step 2: Arrange the Roof Construction

Once you have your shed roof framing on the top, you can begin constructing the rest of the roof. A gable shed roof is a simple construction that has vertical and horizontal beams. Attach an elevated beam in the middle of the vertical beam. This beam would have to be perpendicular to the horizontal beams. The elevated beam can be as high as you want it. Generally, 2½ or 3 feet is ideal for a shed roof.

Step 3: Prepare and Attach Rafters

The roof will now require diagonal rafters to support the type of roof covering you choose. Measure the distance from the elevated beam to the base and cut out a diagonal rafter. Cut a stopper at the bottom of the rafter to ensure that it is completely stable when it is fixed down. It is best to cut multiple rafters for both sides of the frame work as it provides more stability when fixing the covering. Attach the rafters carefully by fixing the stoppers into the base beams. Nail them down for additional security.

Step 4: Cover the Construction

You will have to cover the construction when the rafters have been secured and the shed roof skeleton is complete. This can be done with pieces of sheet iron or thick plywood. Ensure that the pieces of covering you choose are nailed down onto the rafters securely for the best support. When the pieces of plywood or sheet iron are all nailed down, your shed roof will be complete.

You can also use longer pieces of covering as shed roof construction overhangs. This will provide a little more shelter on the sides of the shed. It is not a must, but it can improve the appearance of the construction.