How to Calculate Proper Attic Ventilation
Proper attic ventilation lets air circulate through your attic, which deters the buildup of excessive heat and moisture.
You can achieve attic ventilation in several ways. The method you choose may depend on how you use your attic space. Windows do not always remain open, so fans and vents are your best bet. You might consider ridge vents, box and dome vents, gable fans and vents, or soffit vents.
Calculating Attic Ventilation Needs
As a general rule, every 150 square feet of attic space requires 1 square foot of ventilation. Using that calculation, we find that an area that is 600 square feet should have 4 square feet of operable attic ventilation. To fill this ventilation requirement, you could use four box vents (1 square foot each) or one long, narrow ridge vent (4 total square feet).
Improper Attic Ventilation
Without proper air circulation, moisture can build up in your attic. The moisture may lead to rotting drywall and insulation. In addition, since heat rises, air needs to flow in and out of the attic to draw out the heat as much as possible.
To avoid potential problems, measure the square footage as described above and choose a method of attic ventilation that can fulfill your needs.