Teak flooring is a good investment for any home. The uniquely grained wood gives the home a naturally attractive look that sets it apart from others. Teak contains natural oils that give it a high resistance to water. This helps reduce damage by moisture, which makes teak an excellent choice for flooring. Teak oils also repel insects, which also prevents harm to the floor. Nonetheless, the right finish, properly applied, gives your floor an even higher resistance to damage. The steps below show you how to apply finish to teak flooring.
- Mineral spirits
- Cotton rags
- Floor sander
- Orbital sander
- Wood conditioner
- Gel stain
- Polyurethane finish
- Foam applicator
- Floor polisher
- Soft broom
- Dust mask
Step 1 – Remove Excess Oils
Pour some mineral spirits onto a cotton rag. Wipe away excess oils from the floor with the rag. Once the rag becomes dirty, use another rag so that you don’t spread dirt on the floor. It is best to work the floor in small sections. Once the surface has been cleared of oils, it allows you to sand the floor more effectively. It also facilitates proper penetration of the applied finish. Proceed with the next step the following day.
Step 2 – Sand the Floor
You can rent a floor sander from a hardware or home improvement store. Be sure to ask for one that is suitable for hardwood floors. Wear a dust mask to prevent inhalation of fine wood dust, which can create respiratory complications. Sand the floor in small sections at a time. Follow the direction of the wood grain to prevent marks and retain a uniform surface appearance. Begin with a 100-grit belt, then progress to a 200-grit, and finally, a 300-grit belt. Use an orbital sander to work the floor edges and corners.
Step 3 – Wood Conditioner
Use a clean cotton rag to apply some conditioner to the floor. This helps to prevent blotches on the floor because the conditioner seals the oils within the wood. Allow about 4 hours for the conditioner to dry.
Step 4 – Apply Wood Stain
A large stain brush works best for stain application on the floor. Strive to apply a light coat and spread evenly. Use a cotton rag to wipe away excess stain after application. Allow the floor 3 to 4 hours to dry well, after which you can apply a second coat.
Step 5 – Apply Polyurethane Finish
Use a foam applicator to spread the finish evenly on the floor. Begin in one upper corner of the room. Apply the finish onto the floor area adjacent to the walls as you move across the room. Progressively move downwards with the application until the finish has covered the entire floor. Allow the floor about 3 hours to dry. You’ll notice that the floor surface is rough after the application of polyurethane. This is because the polyurethane causes the wood grain to rise slightly.
Step 6 – Sand the Floor
Place a 200-grit sand screen on the floor polisher. Sand the entire floor until the grain is uniformly smooth. Sweep away the loose debris with a soft broom.
Step 7 – Additional Polyurethane
Spread another coat of polyurethane in the same fashion as the previous application. Allow it to dry before you use the floor.