A hot tub leak can become an extremely frustrating problem. As water leaks, especially small ones, are quite hard to locate. And, naturally, the leak isn’t getting fixed if you can’t find it. Here are some basic troubleshooting steps to follow to learn how to locate your leaks and repair them yourself.
Note: Not all of the materials listed here will be needed. This list mostly makes up the various hot tub components that may need replacing in order to stop your leak.
The pump is one of the most common places for a leak. Turn off the power and check under the pump for leaking water. If you find some there, you may need to replace either the pump itself or the pump seal.
The next things to check are the union fittings that are located around the pump and the heater, as they can become loose or unfastened rather easily. Even on new hot tubs, there is a chance that they’ll vibrate loose in shipment. If the union fittings are loose, tighten them by hand. Never tighten spa water fittings with a wrench!
The next thing to check is the heater assembly manifold, consisting of the heater, pressure switch, and other surrounding components. Replace any parts necessary to fix a leak here.
Inspect all valves for leaks. On knife style valves, there is a gasket between two halves bolted together, which can fail and cause leakage. Also, some hot tubs have valves installed on either side of the pump so that water doesn’t need to be shut off or drained in order to replace or fix the pump. However, these are actually a very common cause for leaks and are often removed entirely after the first issue.
Move on to checking all pipes, jets, and connections. Some connections can be tightened or sealed while leaking jets might have a failing gasket inside that will need replacing. In the case of PVC-type pipes that have cracks or holes, use a product called Plast-Aid to fix them. This is a molecular bonding component that actually hardens stronger than the PVC itself.
Modern shells are made from such strong fiberglass combined with other layers that if there is a shell leak, it is usually a problem with one of the jets or other attaching components instead. If you do have a shell leak though, Plast-Aid can be used to fix it as well.
Other Location Methods
If a visual inspection of all the components doesn’t turn up anything, there are a few other methods. For example, if the leak is substantial but for some reason, you can’t find it, try putting small amounts of dark-colored dye or food coloring in the water and watch where it leads to. This also works if there is a leak but the area around your hot tub is constantly wet from other factors; look for the puddle distinguished by the dye.
As a last-ditch method, let your hot tub continue to drain without refilling it. At least once a day, mark the level of the water. Once the water stops draining, you know that the water level has fallen below the location of the leak.