Misaligned door hinges can occur over time due to sagging from being used regularly. This can cause the door to rub against the jamb. Another cause of a misaligned door hinge is that the foundation may be unstable. You can usually tell by the doors sticking or binding. A simple door repair or a door frame repair should be able to solve the issue. If you notice this misalignment in more than one door, then you may need to consult with a professional. To frame the door to adjust misaligned hinges, you can “shim” it. To perform this simple task yourself, the tools and tips are listed below.
Step 1 – Propping the Door Open
Open the door wide. Use a wedge of wood or something that can fit snugly up under the door to hold it open. This takes the weight off of the door hinge.
Step 2 – Removing the Screws
Use the screwdriver to take the screws out of the bottom hinge leaf that is attached to the door jamb. The door may have three hinges. If this is the case then just loosen the leaf screws of the middle door hinge on the jamb side of the door.
Step 3 – Creating the Hinge Spacer
Cut a 2x4 piece of cardboard from the back of the legal pad and set it against the bottom door hinge. Make an imprint of the hinge leaf on the cardboard by shutting the hinge leaf on the cardboard. Trace the imprinted silhouette of the hinge leaf on the cardboard.
Step 4 – Cutting Out the Spacer
Cut out the shape of the hinge leaf that you just imprinted and traced. You can use either scissors or a utility knife to cut it.
Step 5 – Installing the Spacer
Take the hinge you just cut out of the cardboard and place it on the bottom hinge leaf of the door jamb. Shut the hinge leaf on the card board cutout and use your screwdriver to put the screws back in the door jamb.
Step 6 – Checking the Misaligned Hinge for Repair Accuracy
You should now be able to remove the wedge of wood that is holding the door open and supporting its weight. Once this is removed, close the door. The gap between the door jamb and the edge of the door should be even all the way around the door. If the gap is not even, you will need to repeat steps 2 to 5 above. This will let you give the door more adjustment for a proper door fitting.