Weigela is an easy-to-grow mid-sized shrub that requires little supplemental care or pruning. It will grow in zones 4 to 8 and thrive in a variety of pH and types of soil. Weigela features funnel-shaped blooms and arching branches that attract hummingbirds and butterflies. New cultivars have purple foliage and yellow, white and lavender flowers. Follow these steps to grow and maintain a weigela in your home garden.
Step 1 – Location
Plant in a location that receives full sun and offers plenty of room to grow. Weigelas tend to spread quickly to crowd and shade out other plants nearby. For most varieties, you should plant 3 to 6 feet apart away from neighboring plants and about 4 feet away from foundations.
Step 2 – Prepare to Plant
Dig out a hole 2 times as wide and as deep as the root ball. Mix the removed soil with your compost and refill the hole, leaving only enough room for the root ball. Keep the top of the root ball level with the ground, and be careful not to plant the shrub too deep. Pat the soil down around the plant to reduce and eliminate any existing air bubbles.
Step 3 – Plant Your Shrub
As you plant, add water to make sure the soil/compost is able to absorb into the plant’s root ball. Remove all broken or dead branches from the nearest live node.
If you need to prune the weigela, try to do so after the blooms have faded. During late winter, cut back shrubs from the previous season to bring back old plants. Always prune to maintain the neatly-rounded form.
Step 4 – Mulch
For the best results and aesthetic, cover the area around the plant with mulch or a substitute. Apply 2 to 4 inches of mulch around the base of the plant to help it maintain moisture and to prevent growth of weeds.
Step 5 – Watering
Water your eeigela shrub in the morning and again in the evening. This will reduce water loss from the sun’s heat. These types of plants can handle a lot of water and are in little danger of being over-watered unless you are flooding the plant.
Step 6 – Fertilize
Fertilize the eeigela if it is not growing as much as it should or you have too few or no flowers blooming. Use a granular slow-release fertilizer designed for shrubs or trees. Refer to the instructions for the specific mixture as to how much and how often to apply, as all types of fertilizer vary to promote seed germination.