How to Hook Up a Central Vacuum

What You'll Need
Central vacuum warranty
Home owner's insurance policy
Central vacuum system
Pen and paper

Newer homes today are offering the homeowner the option to install a central vacuum system. A central vacuum system was developed about twenty years ago. It is a vacuum that runs through a hose system installed throughout your home. By using a central vacuum system, you no longer need to carry and lug around large canisters, worry about what you will do when the cord gets tangled or about bumping into the corners of your walls. Hooking up a central vacuum system is not a difficult task. Follow these instructions and you will not be sorry you converted over to this whole house vacuum system.

Step 1 - Check Your Warranty

Before you begin to hook up your central vacuum system, pull out the warranty on the unit and read to see whether you will void the warranty by installing the system yourself. Sometimes, systems have guidelines which require a professional to hook up the vacuum system for the first time.

Step 2 - Check Your Home Owner's Insurance

One last check-up you must perform before you begin to hook up your central vacuum system, is to review your home owner's insurance policy. Some home owner's insurance policies will not cover damages caused by a failed central vacuum system (or similar product) that has been installed or hooked up by someone that is not certified. Be certain to understand the ramifications of hooking up the unit yourself, before you begin.

Step 3 - Map Out the System

Draw a diagram of your central vacuum system. This diagram is basically your hook-up map. During the mapping out exercise, you need to decide where you will place your central unit. Most homeowners will place this central unit either in the garage or in the basement. If you have an unfinished basement, you can locate it there.

If your basement is finished, you may want to consider locating your central unit in the garage. On your diagram, make a note of where your electrical inlets will be located. The number of inlets needed for a home, is dependent upon the size of the home. Generally, you will need to place an inlet for every 600 sq. ft. of living space. This usually means an inlet can cover anywhere between 2 and 3 rooms.

Step 4 - Mark the Inlets

Walk around your home and mark off where your inlets will be located.

Step 5 - Install the Piping

Using a pipe cutter, cut the pipe. A pipe cutter will cut the pipe and leave a clean edge, free from burn marks. Install the piping from one inlet down to the central vacuum unit. You will need to run the piping for each inlet you choose to hook-up.

Step 6 - Hook-Up the Power

Hook-up the power from each inlet. If you are unfamiliar with hooking up electrical, you should enlist the help of a certified electrician. You will also need to check local township and municipality requirements. Some local government building codes will require you to apply for and receive a permit for the additional electrical work you are performing in your home.

Step 7 - Vent the Exhaust

Using your central vacuum manual, follow your unit requirements on creating the exhaust for the vent of the central vacuum unit.