How to Install a Shade Canopy

Elevated deck with a shade canopy
  • 2-20 hours
  • Intermediate
  • 0-300
What You'll Need
(2) 2 X 4 Pergola Beam
(2) 4 X 4 Beams
Nail Gun
Post Digger
Quick Setting Concrete
Socket Wrench
2 X 4 Rafter Boards
Tarp for Canopy

If you have a sunroom or other type of outdoor storage you may want to install a shade canopy in order to provide some protection from the sun. Installing a shade canopy can be as simple as selecting the type of canopy you want for the outdoor room or area and setting it up in accordance with the instructions that come with the canopy. The best and easiest type of shade canopy to install is one that is freestanding and opens and closes up like an umbrella.

For those do-it-yourselfers looking for a more challenging project, this article will describe the process for installing a fixed shade canopy that is attached to a header beam you install.

Step 1 - Purchase Materials

At a home improvement center you can purchase the wood and materials needed to install a shade canopy. You will need to purchase these materials in order to have the materials necessary to create the shaded canopy for your outdoor space.

Step 2 - Attach Header Beam

You will need to use a drill to make holes in the header board you will attach to the back of our home. The board should run the length of the space where the canopy will be placed (if necessary use an additional 2 X 4 header board). Mark the hole positions on the back wall in order to drill holes into the stud. You will need to remove a portion of the siding in order to gain access to the stud board.

Attach the header beam using a bolt and adjustable wrench.

Step 3 - Dig the Post Holes and Set the 4 X 4 Beams

Placing bricks around a vertical post

Dig two post holes alongside the ends where the beam is attached to the wall. With the holes dug in the ground, set the posts in the ground and fill the hole with the quick setting concrete and water. Use a level to make sure the posts are set in place properly and they are level. Attach a beam across the two posts once the concrete hardens and sets.

Step 4 - Attach the Rafter Boards

Use a nail gun to attach the rafter boards between the headers of the canopy's frame. You should space the boards about six to 12 inches apart. With the rafters in place and secured to the headers, you will be able to attach the canopy tarp to the canopy's frame.

Step 5 - Attach the Canopy

Run the tarp over the top of the canopy frame in order to complete the project. You can use the nail gun to fasten the tarp in place once it has been pulled into position over the frame. This will provide you with an adequate canopy for your outdoor area.