How to Install LED Recessed Lights

What You'll Need
Long-nose pliers
Tarp jigsaw
Stud Finder
Drywall circle cutter
Drywall saw
Wire strippers
Wire connectors
Cable clamp

Installing LED recessed lights is a very simple process. In general, LED lights are more expensive than the normal run of the mill or fluorescent bulb. However, the advantages of LED bulbs include improved strength, reliability, compact size, and lower energy consumption. Therefore, you will have a smaller energy bill, which is emphasized by the “going Green” movement. This article will instruct you on how to install LED recessed lights.

Step 1 - Be Safe

Before starting on any work, even using the stud finder, note that insulation must never touch the light trim, housing unit, or the light bulb. If insulation were to come in contact with this type of light, even when properly installed, there is a high probability of a fire starting. To prevent such an accident, an IC, or insulation-contact rated fixture is suggested. Also for the sake of safety, place the junction box in an easy to access area, meaning not only in an easy to access room, such as an isolated attic or garage, but also in a location where drywall will not cover the box.

Step 2 - Prepare

A string of LED lights.

Once the main power is shut off, and not just the local power to the room, the stud finder may be used to find ceiling joists. After tracing an appropriate shape and size for the lighting fixture, it is important to place a trap for debris directly underneath the tracing; a clean area is a safe area. Next, start cutting the tracing with a drywall saw, drywall circle cutter, or a jigsaw with a plaster-cutting edge. The drywall saw is the most common and cheapest of the tools mentioned. A drywall circle cutter is much more accurate, so it will take less time to do the same job, and is ideal for multiple fixture installations at once. The jigsaw with a plaster-cutting edge is also appropriate, but be careful to not cut nearby wires.

Step 3 - Fasten Electrical Cable

Pink LED lights.

Use the cable clamp to fasten the fixture’s junction box with the electrical cable. Now, strip the appropriate wires. Next, with the wire connectors, splice the wires to the wires of the fixture. Then connect the matching wires from the fixture to the house — connect the black wire with the black wire, the white wire with the white wire, and the green wire with the green wire. Note that the green wire represents the ground wire.

Fasten the electrical cable into the fixture’s junction box with the cable clamp. After stripping the wires and splicing them to the fixture’s wires with the wire connectors, connect the fixture’s black wire to the black wire of the house. Next, connect white to white, and ground, or green, to ground, or green. Put the wires into the box, and fasten the cover.

Step 4 - Finish

LED lights in a pool.

After pushing the wires into the box and fastening the cover, rotate the fixture into place until the mounting tabs engage. The next step is to actually follow the fixtures manual due to a plethora of variations from one model to the next. Once finished, restore power and test the lights.