Installing patio brick pavers is a great way to enhance the appearance of you outdoor spaces, effectively creating an outside room that can serve as a living or dining area in good weather. Not only are they attractive, versatile and practical, but a brick paved patio can also add value to your home. You can also lay brick pavers over an existing concrete patio rather than having to start from scratch. The job can be carried out without much difficulty for anyone with a reasonable level of DIY experience.
Step 1: Preparing the Surface
Before you install the pavers, you will need to make some preparations. This stage will be far easier if you already have a concrete surface patio. However, if you plan on starting from scratch, you will need to do some digging. First, determine the layout of the patio. You can use wooden bars and stakes to outline the edge of the patio. You can even use a garden hose or rubber tubing to designate the area. So long as it is accurate, you should have no problems. When you have designated the area, you can then start digging it out. Dig to about three or four inches in depth, depending on the thickness of the paving stones. There should be two to three inches of depth for the sand foundation itself.
Step 2: Placing the Sand
When you have dug out a shallow trench for the patio, you can then apply a layer of sand for the paving stones to sit upon. The sand needed to be carefully leveled and swept out using the rake. Continue to monitor the level in every area of the base and try to avoid stepping on it once you have flattened it out as required.
Step 3: Placing the Stone Pavers
Place the stone pavers into the sand, starting from the center and working towards the edges. User the smaller stone slabs to fill in the gaps. You will still need to break up some of the stones so that they will fit in the areas at the edge of the patio. To cut the stones, use a hammer chisel to etch a line in the stone. Do this carefully using a rubber mallet. Go over the etched line second time and you should find that the stone fractures along the line.
Step 4: Filling the Gaps
You can use sand to fill the gaps but mortar will ensure a longer lasting and better job. Mix mortar as instructed to on the packaging. Apply the mortar to the cracks between the stones and be sure to scrape any excess off the surface of the stones themselves. The mortar will take at least 24 hours to dry and the patio should not be walked on in this time. When it is dry, your patio will be ready to use.