How to Make a Cabinet from Chipboard
Chipboard is an economical alternative to solid wood for furniture construction and is even environmentally friendly, made of up to 70% recycled materials. With the additional benefits of strength, durability and versatility, it is easy to see why more and more do-it-yourselfers are choosing this material for their building projects. This step-by-step guide will help you create a sturdy cabinet, utilizing chipboard materials. Keep in mind that with chipboard, as well as any building material, that if you want to create standard width units, it’s the outside dimensions that you should follow. If the thickness of the board materials on the sides varies, you will need to compensate by adjusting the internal components dimensions.
Step 1 – Cutting the Chipboard
Using a wood saw, cut the 240cm lengths of chipboard into 3, 75cm lengths for the sides and back, and 2, 57cm lengths for the top and bottom panel. Then cut the sides and back down to 57cm wide and the top and bottom panel to 50cm wide.
Step 2 – Assemble the Bottom and Sides
Run a bead of wood glue along the bottom edge of the sides. Resting the front face of the side panels down on a flat surface, place the bottom panel on the 2 side panels. Use clamps to hold them securely in place, and be sure that all the pieces are kept square to one another. Measure and mark four evenly spaced pilot holes into the bottom panel on each side before drilling pilot holes, and screwing the sides to the bottom with 5cm length wood screws.
Step 3 – Add the Back and Top
Run a bead of glue on the sides and bottom edges of the back panel. Put the back panel into place between the 2 side panels and base, wiping up any excess glue resulting from sliding it into position. Drill pilot holes and screw in four 5cm wood screws into the back panel from the base and 2 sides. Likewise, apply glue on the side and back edges of the top panel, slide into place, wipe off excess glue and again drill pilot holes and screw in four 5cm wood screws on the sides and back. Allow your glue to dry per manufacturer’s instructions. At your discretion, you can leave the cabinet open as it is, or add shelving to it.
Step 3 – Prime and Paint the Cabinet
Apply wood sealant to the exposed chipboard edges. Once that is dry, brush on a coat of wood primer on the entirety of the cabinet, inside and out. After the primer dries, paint the cabinet your choice of color, or for added appeal, paint the interior a different color or shade from the exterior.
If you like you can make additional cabinets to stack or stand side-by-side to the one you have just constructed. With the affordability of chipboard, you can create cabinets to organize any and every room in the house.