The fig tree is traced back to the Mediterranean region. It was one of the first domesticated plants in that region as well. It is part of the Ficus family and it bears an edible fruit. Fig trees are not difficult to plant or maintain but they do require some major attention if you plan to fertilize them to germinate new fertile seeds. The following steps will guide you through how to plant a fig tree.
Before you begin digging or planting ensure that you have chosen a well draining area for the plant. Good drainage is vital for root health and proper growth.
Step 1 - Dig the Hole
The hole that you dig for your fig tree needs to be dug as deep as the pot the tree is in and about three times as wide as the trees root ball. The width is needed to prepare and loosen the soil around the root ball in order for the tree to more easily establish itself.
Step 2 - Place the Tree
Center the tree in the bottom of the hole. Do not loosen or mess with the root ball. It is a common misconception that you are supposed to loosen the root ball to help stimulate growth. Most trees, including the fig tree should not be loosened in any way. The plant will do its job once it is planted in the ground.
Step 3 - Fill it In
Use the original soil to fill in the hole even to the top of the root ball. By using the original soil you are forcing the tree to get used to what its typical environment will be. You can lightly mix fertilizer in with the soil if needed.
Step 4 - Compost
Using a good nutritious compost, fill the next two to three inches of the hole in. This should make the soil about even with the ground at this point. Lightly tamp the soil in an fill with compost to the top again.
Step 5 - Water
Thoroughly water the entire previously unearthed area. The plant needs to be watered regularly until the roots establish themselves. Do not overwater or allow water to settle at the roots. Well draining soil is a must. Watering will also help to settle the roots into their new environment.
Step 6 - Mulch
Apply mulch on top of the compost. Leave about 2 inches between the trunk of the fig tree and the mulch. Remove the mulch and test soil for moistness at least once a week to make sure that the tree does not dry out.
By following the indicated planting instructions you should have no problem adapting the fig tree to its new home. Fig tree growing is not a difficult undertaking, the fruit is another matter altogether. By remembering to give the tree plenty of space and a well draining soil you are unlikely to run into many problems helping it to grow and thrive.