A jade plant is often referred to as the lucky plant, money tree or friendship plant. The plant is a succulent that has pink or white flowers. They grow in South Africa but can be found as a house plant all over the world. The jade plant is an evergreen with thick branches. The leaves are thick, fleshy and rounded. They grow in opposing pairs along the branches. The plant gets it name from the bright jade color of the leaves it produced. Some varieties of the jade plant can develop a red hue on the leaf edge when exposed to too much sunlight. This article will show you how to plant and grow a jade plant.
Step 1: Finding the Right Location for the Jade Plant
The jade plant is a very sturdy and versatile plant. It can tolerate temperatures as low as 40 degrees F. They thrive best in temperatures that range from 55 degrees F at night and between 75 and 80 degrees F during the day. Choose a location around your home that is as close to these conditions as possible. The jade plant also thrives in direct sunlight. The plant can be planted and grown in subdued lighting but it can sunburn if moved from indirect to direct sunlight without first tempering the change.
Step 2: Mixing the Right Soil
The proper soil is determined by when you are planting the jade plant. When you first plant it in your garden use a commercial soil. To get the jade plant to flourish you will need to modify the soil. For every cup of soil you use add to it 1/4 cup sphagnum and 3/4 cup sand. If you are transplanting the jade plant the soil should be 50/50 commercial soil mixed with coarse builder's sand and 1 scoop of bone meal.
Step 3: Properly Planting the Jade Plant
When you have your right area chosen and the correct soil mixed you can then plant the jade plant. Use your spade and dig a small hole about 6 inches deep and as much around as the root ball. Set the jade plant inside the hole and fill with your soil mix. Pat the soil down to make a tight fit around the stalk of the plant.
Step 4: Watering and Feeding
When you first plant the the jade plant you will water it until the roots are saturated and the soil around the plant is moist. Do not water the plant again until the soil is completely dried out. When you water the plant just use enough to make the soil moist. Use a 5-10-5 soluble fertilizer once every 2 weeks. Do not fertilize the jade plant from November through the end of March. Lightly mist the leaves with plain water to remove dust particles.
Step 5: Pruning
As the leaves begin to mature you can prune away a few leaves to entice growth. The same applies to branch offshoots. Wait until the plant is mature.