Use clumping bamboo as a landscape accent or to create a hedge screen that surrounds your backyard. Also called umbrella or fountain bamboo, this versatile grass can handle complete shade or full sun, drought conditions or saturated soil. Follow these steps to plant and maintain your clumping bamboo.
Step 1 – Choosing a Location
Position your clumping bamboo in a location where it will get sun in the morning and shade in the afternoon. These plants grow quickly, so give them at least 2 to 3 feet of space to ensure that they have room to fully flourish. Besides needing space on the ground, keep in mind that these plants can grow up to 15 feet high. If you live in a particularly windy area or one that gets strong storms, consider planting bamboo near a fence or a wall for protection.
Step 2 – Getting Started
You are going to need a high nitrogen kind of fertilizer. For the plants' first season, keep them inside. When it is time to transplant your clumping bamboo, keep in mind that the soil needs to drain well.
Step 3 – Planting
To plant your bamboo, dig a hole the same size as the potted bamboo and deeper than the pot. When you remove the plant , all of the dirt should stay intact. Be careful not to pull or tug on the plant if it is root bound. If this is the case, you will need to cut the pot off of the plant. Place the bamboo and soil into the hole and finish filling it. Lightly pack the soil as you go. Leave no air pockets in this hole that you are refilling.
Add an application of quick-release organic fertilizer after you have gotten the dirt tamped down. Your bamboo is going to need a lot of water and a good layer of mulch surrounding it. The mulch will provide retained moisture for your bamboo since it does not do well when it is too wet.
Step 4 – Care
Make sure that you are allowing your bamboo to dry out in between each watering. Soggy soil will keep your bamboo from its usual rapid growth. Weekly watering will be plenty, except during the hotter seasons.
Fertilize at least every 6 weeks for your plant to survive. While bamboo grows quickly, you will never need to prune it.
Step 5 – Making a Berm
Make a berm or mound of earth around the bamboo to help keep water directed around the entire plant. Measure the circumference of the container it originally came in, and make your berm approximately twice that size and 2 to 3 inches high. Finally, fill the berm with the mulch you’ve selected.