One common task in any auto repair is being able to safely remove your automobile’s radiator cap. Every engine must be kept to a certain temperature to keep from overheating. The radiator does this along with a thermostat by circulating a mixture of antifreeze and water to maintain a safe temperature (around 195 degrees F in most vehicles.) The radiator cap, in particular, keeps the entire cooling system under pressure by raising the coolant’s boiling point and allowing the engine to reach even higher temperatures safely. The cap of the radiator itself is a very important component of the radiator and should be removed and checked occasionally to make sure it is working properly.
Step 1 - Allow the Car to Cool Down
The radiator’s heat and pressure build up to dangerous levels when a car is running. Serious injury can come from removing the cap from a hot engine. If too much pressure has built up, removing the cap can send boiling water and steam up and out in all directions. Allowing the car to sit for around 30 minutes will ensure the pressure and temperature has dropped to a safe level before you attempt to remove the radiator cap. Most caps have a clear warning label on the outside of the cap itself warning about this important step.
Step 2 - Remove the Cap
There are two different types of radiator caps that need to be removed in two different ways. The most common is a metal push and turn cap. This cap is typically round in shape with ears sticking out from each side. To remove this type of cap, push down while simultaneously turning the cap counter clockwise. These caps can be found at the top of the radiator itself or close by depending on the type of engine.
The second type of cap is a round plastic cap used only in radiators that have a remote reservoir of coolant. This type of cap is removed by simply twisting it counter clockwise.
Step 3 - Examine the Cap
Once you have the radiator cap removed it is crucial to inspect the condition of the cap’s interior edge. The rubber disc inside of the cap around the bottom should have no cracks or missing areas at all. If it does it can allow pressure to escape or even lead to the cap blowing off if it were to overheat. If you notice any of these conditions on the cap you should replace it with a new one. Just make sure that the replacement cap you use has the same PSI rating as the original.
Step 4 - Replace the Cap
The last thing to do is simply put the cap back onto the radiator. For the push and twist type you must be sure to do both or it will not lock in place completely. For the simple twist type, you only need to twist it back in clockwise to tighten the cap in place sufficiently.