A bee hive in the wrong place can be a serious problem for any homeowner. Removing a bee hive under any circumstances is tricky, however, when the beehive is underground the challenge is all the greater. Obvious solutions, such as collapsing the entrance, may not solve the problem permanently. But with proper planning and common household items, it is possible to get rid of an underground bee hive safely and effectively.
Step 1 - Find the Hive
Before you do anything, you will need to figure out exactly where the hive is. In order to do this, you will have to wait for one of the periods in which there is the most traffic entering or exiting the hive. This happens at sunrise and sunset. At night, there is not a lot of activity, and during the day, the hive will always be partly empty.
At this time, observe the area with the most traffic from a safe distance. As the amount of traffic drops, you can get closer. By tracking the bees down and seeing where they enter or exit the hive, you can figure out its location, and how to perform the following steps.
Step 2 - Prepare
Before you actually remove the hive, you must prepare your tools and put on protective clothing.
If you do not have specialized protective clothing for this situation, you can make do by improvising. Wear several pairs of long pants and several long sleeved shirts — the heavier the better. Wear gloves, a scarf or bandana, a hat, a face mask, and heavy shoes, and tuck everything into everything else so your skin cannot be exposed by mistake. You can wrap rubber bands around your wrists and ankles to close off access.
To remove the hive, you will need boiling water. Use your stove to boil some water.
Step 3 - Disable Hive
Now it is time to remove the hive. Though your protective clothing will help keep you from being stung, it is still best to wait until long after sunset (or before sunrise, if you prefer) to kill the bees, as the hive will be less active at night.
First, remove your garden hose from its water source so you have access to both ends. Next, insert one end into the entrance to the hive that you found earlier. See how far you can get it in—the further, the better.
Finally, use your pot of boiling water and funnel to pour boiling water into the other end of the garden hose. This ensures that you will be as far away as possible when delivering the boiling water to the hive.
Step 4 - Finish Up
While boiling water is very effective as a tool for removing underground bee hives, it will not negatively affect your garden in the long term. However, to maximize its effectiveness, you may have to apply it to the underground hive multiple times. Once the hive has been cleaned out completely, it is best to physically remove it if at all possible, to ensure that it is not rebuilt.