Stringing a Fly Fishing Rod correctly is very important because it will enable the rod to perform at its best and prevent frustrating tangles when fishing. Stringing a fly fishing rod properly will also save time and money spent replacing knotted and fouled lines and reels. A big factor in stringing a rod is to use the same brand of materials for lines and leaders as these make for more effective and stronger knotting.
Step 1: Fly Lines
Choose between a monofilament, braided or fluorocarbon fishing line. Monofilament is more common and best suited for freshwater fishing; however this material is not suitable for long wear as it tends to weaken with heat, water and extended use. Braided fishing line, probably the strongest choice due to its construction, will take much abuse, but is visible in the water which might keep fish away. Fluorocarbon is almost invisible in the water, is resistant against sunlight and heat and can take rough use. It is slightly heavier than monofilament.
Although each of the fishing lines used for fly fishing offer advantages and disadvantages, cost may not be an issue as they all are approximately priced from $26 a spool to $226.
Step 2: Stringing Fly Rods
Begin by doubling the end of the fly line before attempting to put it through the guides on the rod. This will be much easier and will prevent it from slipping out of hand and back into the guide. Be sure to use a recommended fly line for the right rod because using a heavier than recommended fly line will “overline” the rod, making the rod’s action slower than normal.
Most of today’s fly lines are already lubricated and only need occasional lubricants such as lip balm to maintain their original characteristics of floatation and casting. It is highly recommended that fly lines be stretched by hand after taking a length or two off the reel. This unwinding will improve distance in casting and cause fewer tangles.
Step 3: Keep Stringing Constant
Regardless of the efforts made to correctly string a fly line, fly line twist may occur after several castings. Constant back-casts that are made to one side will cause the rod to move about in a constant circle causing twists to occur. The remedy is simple; false cast in the opposite direction several times to counter the twist and the rigging will return to normal.
Step 4: Condition of Fly Lines
Bug repellent, beer and sunscreen should be kept away from fly lines as they will break down the fly line’s coating as well as deter fish who are extremely wary of unnatural scents. The use of fly lines with harder coatings is recommended for extreme heat, but should be changed when cold weather sets in.
Step 5: Sinking Fly Lines
String a fly fishing rod with either sink-tip or sinking fly lines for different purposes. The key here is the sink rating of from 1 to 9.5 inches per second. For fast and deep water a faster sink rate is recommended, and vice versa.