Pomegranates (Punica granatum) are small-sized deciduous fruit-bearing trees or shrubs native to Southeast Asia. They are seldom affected by pests and diseases, especially in the dry regions to which they are best adapted. They can be easily grown and transplanted in gardens, provided they are maintained under favorable conditions.
Step 1 – Uproot the Plant
Take a bucket and fill it halfway through with water. This water has to be kept ready before uprooting the plant to be transplanted from the soil. Uproot the plant with extreme care. Gently lift up the tree from the soil. Clean off all the dirt and soil from its roots.
Step 2 – Immerse the Tree Roots in Water
Transfer the tree into the bucket with water. Let it remain undisturbed there for a minimum of two hours. This step is vital as pomegranate trees require a humid atmosphere when they are uprooted. Immersing these plants in water ensures 100% atmospheric humidity, which is favorable for their successful transplantation. Make sure that your tree does not tip over when it is being kept immersed in water. Leaning it against a corner could support it sufficiently.
Step 3 – Dig a Hole
Dig a hole with a sufficiently large diameter keeping in mind that the root system of the tree will need at least 6 inches of space to expand. Do not dig an extremely deep hole. Pomegranates prefer sunny areas. Therefore, if you are transplanting the tree onto the ground, make sure that it is in a sunny spot.
Step 4 – Plant the Tree
Place the tree in the prepared hole and fill in the hole with topsoil. You may use a trowel for this purpose. Be careful not to disturb the roots in any way while transplanting into the soil. Further, the soil into which the tree has been moved to should be fertile with a good supply of organic materials. The most important thing is to ensure that the root ball is completely covered with soil and at the same time, not packed too tightly.
Step 5 –Water the Transplanted Tree
If you are transplanting during warm months, water your newly transplanted tree everyday initially for a few weeks. It would be safe to eventually taper the watering into a 10 to 14 day cycle from the next week. Thereafter, watering once every month would be a safe bet, provided you reside in a cool region.
Some Helpful Pointers
- The ideal months for transplanting pomegranates are March and October.
- Even if you are propagating pomegranates in greenhouses, you can transplant them within 2 years.
- Pomegranates are hot favorites among gardeners as they thrive really well after being transplanted. In most cases, they start flowering within 3 to 4 years.
- It is always better to transplant the tree while it is still relatively small. The older and larger the tree, the greater will be the chance of transplant shock. In case the tree is in shock, do not add fertilizers to the soil for some time and provide it with sufficient amount of water.