If you want more shade in your yard a beech tree is an excellent choice. It grows to great heights and will also spread across considerably. Beeches are amongst the few trees whose beauty remains apparent throughout the year. Although it comes in several varieties, the European Beech and American Beech are the two most common dotting the landscape. The tree grows in full sun areas but will tolerate some shade. It thrives in various soil types including alkaline soils with a pH as high as 7.5. However, soils should preferably be fertile and well-drained. Following are some mistakes you need to avoid when growing.
Growing in Limited Space
Do not grow the tree in a limited space area. The beech tree grows to majestic proportions. If you plant in a small space, the tree will be confined as it grows which is bound to cause health problems. Insufficient sunlight and poor air circulation are likely to be associated with limited space, which can encourage various fungal diseases.
Beeches do not react well to excessive water. They have a shallow root system which will not do well in wet conditions. Excessive water will cause breathing difficulties for the roots, even suffocation. This can lead to the entire tree dying. Frequently water the tree while still young—you will most likely need to water it twice a week. Once the roots are well-established, give it water once every week. Established trees do not require frequent watering. Where rainfall is adequate, you need not give supplemental water. However, be sure to water during droughts to sustain healthy growth. You should also water as the fall draws to a close before freezing grounds occur.
Although beeches do well in full sun areas, this is more the case for well-established trees. Do not leave young beeches exposed for too long in direct sunlight. They will be strained and most likely wilt. Take extra care during the intense summer heat. It is best to provide some screen or shading for your seedlings.
Avoid giving your beeches a heavy feeding. Excessive or frequent application of fertilizer will stress your tree. Healthy growth will be disrupted and you are likely to end up with dwarfed trees. The beech will establish itself fairly easily without much fertilizer. When you plant, mix in some compost with the soil. This will boost the soil nutritional content. Once the tree gets to its second year, you can give a granular fertilizer once a year during the fall. After four years, do not use fertilizer.
Be sure to mulch your beech tree. Not mulching will impact unfavorably on the shallow-rooted tree. Much water will be lost from the soil and exposed roots. This can cause dehydration of the tree and disrupt healthy growth. Beech tree roots often protrude through the top soil. A layer of mulch helps to protect the roots. Do not pack mulch right up to the trunk or stem. This will invite rodents to nestle in the mulch and feed on the tree. Once the tree has wounds it is more susceptible to infections.