Oriental rug design makes use of many different patterns. Many of these vary according to the area where they were constructed.
By learning some of the patterns, you can learn to “read” an Oriental rug. The patterns are found in the center of the rug (the field) or the outer edges (the ground or borders).
Curvilinear patterns in Oriental rug design include floral designs with complicated curved outlines. They feature tendrils and sprays, sometimes detached, but often connected to one another.
Curvilinear rugs may have the central medallion found in many Oriental rug designs. The curved designs are more complex and more difficult to produce than the geometric design.
Oriental rugs with rectilinear patterns feature geometric designs and angles. These rugs are still complex and beautiful, but they make use of straight lines and angles rather than curves and tendrils.
They may use a medallion pattern, but they may also have rows of repeating patterns across the carpets.
One popular rectilinear pattern uses straight lines to create a diamond shaped border around a central medallion.
The repeated motif pattern is popular for rectilinear Oriental rug design. This design fills the central field with many rows that repeat the same motif. They may feature traditional motifs.