Paving Stone Installation

What You'll Need
Tape measure
Mechanical tamper
Line level
Stone cutter
Paving stones
Paving stone sealer
Screed board

A paving stone installation is an attractive and practical addition to your home’s landscaping. Paving stones are naturally beautiful and many times stronger than concrete: paving stones can withstand more than 8,000 PSI, whereas concrete endures 2,000 psi. There are many other benefits to paving stones. For example, paving stones come in many shapes and sizes, they are easy to replace, and they are crack resistant (unlike concrete). Another advantage of using paving stone is ease of maintenance.  Being made of stone, pavers do not need special cleaners and waxes to stay neat and clean. Water and a little scrubbing or brushing will do. Its most outstanding asset, however, is its ability to withstand all types of weather. Pavers are composed of stone, after all. These are meant to last despite rain, snow, and heat. One more thing you will love about them is that pavers cost less to install than other paving methods.

Step 1- Preparing the Base

Measure the entire area on which you will be installing the paving stones. After you have done so, dig the area with shovel at a depth that is enough to make paving stones stable when stepped on.  Make sure that the dugout surface is leveled with a rake and line level to guide you. Of course, if there are old pavers, remove these first and level the previous base. If the base lacks compactness, put some gravel on it evenly and tamp it.

Step 2 – Screed the Surface

You need to screed the surface or the bedding for the paving stones so that you can be guaranteed of its evenness. To do this, spread sand over the entire surface. You may need to use a screed board to make sure that the bedding is flat and smooth. While doing all this, avoid stepping on the screed bedding. Otherwise, you will have to redo the process again. This part is important so that you will find the next step easy.

Step 3 – Installing the Paving Stones

Start setting the pavers from one corner. Doing so will help you avoid the tedious task of cutting too many stones. However, after manually placing the stones, if there are spaces that are too small for individual paving stones to fit, you will have to cut the pavers into small sizes. After all pavers have been set, clean the area with a broom and take note of those places that needs leveling. 

Step 4 – Make the Final Touches

With a mechanical tamper, tamp the paving from the outside going inwards. Do this through the entire length and breadth until the paving stones are firmly and evenly embedded into the surface. If there are gaps between the pavers, fill it with jointing sand. Be sure to use just enough sand to fill the spaces. Tamp the paving again and apply paving stone sealer to improve the appearance and to further protect it from the elements.