Planting a Hawaiian flower garden is an excellent way to fill your yard with the color and beauty which contribute to Hawaii’s appeal. Bear in mind that Hawaiian flowers are adapted to living in Hawaii where the air is humid, the sun is shining, and the day begins and ends at the same time.
If you do not live in an area where the climate is similar to that of the Hawaiian Islands, you probably don’t want to invest in Hawaiian plants. That is, unless you wish to maintain an indoor flower garden where you can control every aspect of the plants' existence. This article identifies 5 awe inspiring species of Hawaiian flowers and briefly describes how to care for each.
Strelitzia (Bird of Paradise)
There are 5 species of bird of paradise plants--all of which are perennial flowering plants. These flowers are observed growing wildly along the side of the road in Hawaii and other tropical areas and acquired its name because of its flowers' resemblance to the actual bird of paradise. This plant requires a good deal of sunlight and regular watering.
The genus of plants named Hibiscus includes over 200 species of annual and perennial flowers. Hawaii’s official flower is the yellow hibiscus which is actually 1 of the 5 original species of hibiscus that populated Hawaii many years ago. The hibiscus plant requires soil that contains a high amount of organic matter and a soil that maintains good drainage. These plants benefit from hand pruning to pinch off new growth and send energy back into the plant.
By and large, orchids are difficult plants to grow. That is, of course, unless you happen to live in a climate that replicates its native conditions. In correct growing circumstances, the Catteleya orchid’s blossoms will brighten up your garden and make you feel as if you are truly relaxing on a Hawaiian island. Ranging in color from deep purple to egg yolk yellow with a splash of pink, the Catteleya orchid is a "must" to have in your Hawaiian flower garden.
This plant is arguably the easiest Hawaiian plant to grow outside of a Hawaiian climate. It is extremely hardy and may be successfully grown as an indoor house plant. Its quaint green foliage builds into a blossom of color that may be hot pink, deep red, yellow or purple-- depending upon the species you aquire. The largest species of Bromeliad is called puya raimondii and it can reach heights exceeding 10 feet tall. Bromeliad care varies greatly depending upon which species you aquire.
Phaeomeria Magnifica (Torch Ginger)
This Hawaiian plant is extremely beautiful and is also known as wax plant. Its blossoms look as if they were carefully sculpted out of wax and it grows about 3 feet tall. Its foliage and stems can be cooked and eaten. There are more than 70 species of torch ginger plants, all of which exhibit unique foliage and blossom characteristics. This plant thrives in soil that is well-drained but also moisture retentive. In addition, the torch ginger benefits from regular mulching and fertilization.